TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 58(4): 235-238 (July, 1981)
Low temperature effect on selective fertilization by pollen mixtures of wild and cultivated tomato species
D. Zamir1, S. D. Tanksley1 and R. A. Jones1
(1) Department of Vegetable Crops, University of California, Davis, California, USA

In vitro pollen germination of cultivated tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., is inhibited by an ambient temperature of 5°C, more so than pollen from a Peruvian ecotype of Lycopersicon hirsutum Humb. & Bonpl. originating from an altitude of 3200 m. The frequency of L. hirsutum gametes contributing to hybrid zygote formation is more than doubled when controlled fertilizations with pollen mixtures of the two species occurs at 12/6°C as compared to crosses with the same mixtures at 24/19°C. The results suggest that differential selection at the gametophytic level occurs in response to low temperature regimes. To our knowledge this is the first time in higher plants that alteration of an environmental factor has been demonstrated to change selection values of male gametophytes in a fashion predicted by the ecology of the parental sporophytes.