The Gardeners' Chronicle 2: 836 (Dec 17, 1842)
Rose Standards


It behoves every one at this season to look to the protection of his Standards; if Noisette, Chinese Tea-scented, and some of the more tender Bourbon Roses, they will all be excited by the present mild weather, as in December 1837, and in January we shall, perhaps, as then, be visited with a nipping frost which will deal destruction among them.

The mode of protection used in the north of Italy may be adopted; viz., that of surrounding the head of the Rose, after shortening its shoots, and binding moss or hay-bands round the stem, with an oiled paper cap. Such plants, however, often suffer by the early spring frosts, when uncovered. I have found no method equal to that of removing the trees, and placing their roots in a trench near a north wall, their heads leaning against the wall. A double mat should be nailed over them, which may remain on till the end of February, unless the season is very mild, when it should be occasionally removed. In this situation they will remain nearly dormant till the end of March, when they may be removed and planted in their summer quarters. By this annual removal, their roots become so fibrous that the plants receive scarcely any check, and bloom abundantly all the summer; and we shall thus be able to produce fine standards of Noisettes, Lamarque, and Jaune Desprez, which, since the winter of 1838, have almost disappeared. For the protection of dwarfs of the above and other tender Roses on their own roots, nothing is so efficient as moss placed thickly on the surface of the soil round their roots; this prevents the ground from being frozen hard; and although the extremities of their shoots may be killed, they will throw up abundantly from the stem near their roots, and bloom as well as if the whole plant had been protected.

Rose-seed, even of the most choice varieties, is abundant this season. The heps should now be gathered, and laid on the surface of the pots of mould in which it is intended that they should be sown. The pots should be placed on a sunny shelf in the greenhouse, and remain there untouched till the end of January; by which time the seeds will be thoroughly ripened. They may then be crushed with the fingers, and the seeds may be covered with about half-an-inch of light mould. The pots should remain in the greenhouse till the beginning of March, when they may be placed out of doors, in a situation fully exposed to the sun; when they will require to be watered in dry weather. They must be protected from birds and mice by a piece of coarse wire, such as is used for malt-kilns. A portion, probably a small one, will by these means vegetate during the first season, and most probably all will grow during the next. If the pots remain in the greenhouse too long, the plants will come up weakly and damp off, or become mildewed. In the open air, however weakly they are when they first make their appearance, they gradually acquire hardihood, and but seldom die. In June, during showery weather, they should be taken from the pots carefully with the blade of a knife, so as not to disturb the dormant seeds, and should be transplanted into a rich border.

Your remarks on the ridiculous mode of showing Roses in large bundles of flowers are very just. The end of exhibiting all flowers ought to be, to give the public a just estimate of their properties. A crowded bundle of Roses never can do this; five flowers and buds ought to be the maximum of number allowed for each variety. In this manner, a Rose may be seen fully blown, half-blown, in bud ready to open, and in buds showing its colour only. Some of the foliage belonging to each variety should also accompany the flowers.

The stimulus now given to growing Roses in pots will doubtless induce many to try their hands at this mode of cultivating the queen of the floral world. Additional vigour may be given to all the Chinese and other Roses of that family, by budding them close to the ground or on little stems of the Blush Boursault, Rosa Manettii, Brown's Superb Blush, or any other free-growing hybrid Chinese Rose.

No.   I. Moss Roses
No.  II. Hybrid Perpetuals
No. III. Rose Standards
No. IV. Bourbon Roses