The Gardeners' Chronicle 2: 452 (July 9, 1842)
Moss Roses

A. Z.

This has been, on the whole, an unfavourable season for Roses; the early flowers were scorched by the excessive heat, and the late tempestuous winds have irreparably damaged the buds of all the summer kinds, so that we must look to the autumnal Roses for fine flowers, which calm weather and soft dewy nights will alone bring to perfection.

Among those universal favourites, the Moss-Roses, very few new varieties have bloomed satisfactorily. Tempting descriptions from the French growers induced Rose-amateurs to form high anticipations of the following, which this season at least have not been realised:—Moss Hortensia, Sanguinea, Pompone feu, d’Orleans, a Reuilles pourpres, Mauget and Helena Mauget, seem seedlings from the Luxembourg Moss: all pretty, with bright red and pink-cupped flowers, but too much alike, and all lacking that desirable quality possessed by the common Moss-rose, viz., large and globular form and complete plenitude of flower. Celina, one of the best of the new Moss-roses, is deficient in this desirable quality. It is decidedly an improvement on its parent, the Luxembourg Moss, in colour and size of flower; but it has not that desirable globular form, neither is it double enough to constitute a first-rate variety. This deficiency in shape is the result of crossing with the Rosa Gallica, to procure depth of colour, by which much of the fragrance and form of the genuine Moss-rose is lost.

Among the new Moss-roses, however, one has been introduced peculiarly distinct and beautiful, namely, the Moss Unique, or Mousseue Unique de Provence, exactly like our favourite Unique Rose, in its robust habit and tendency to bloom in large clusters: its flowers are pure white, and abundantly mossy.

A Moss Rose, raised by Mr. Rivers from the Spotted Moss, crossed with the old dark Tuscany Rose, is at present the darkest Moss Rose known; its flowers are of deep crimson purple, mottled with red, but it is not at all double enough for a first-rate variety, having but five or six rows of petals. Its shoots and leaves in spring are of the deepest red, so that before it bloomed, it was anticipated that the great desideratum—a black Moss Rose— was at last obtained. It seems exceedingly difficult to procure a genuine Moss Rose from seed with any depth of colour; seedlings from flowers that have been crossed with dark varieties of Rose Gallica are inclined to lose their moss, as are in fact some of the established varieties. The Luxembourg moss, on its own roots, has this season, in two or three places in rich soils, lost every particle of moss, and cannot be distinguished from a variety of Rosa Gallica.

Moss Roses, particularly the White, Lancel, de Metz, &c. &c., when budded on the Dog-Rose, are in many soils short-lived, or have but a languid existence after the first year or two. The best stock for them is the old hybrid Bourbon Rose, Celine, which has large semidouble flowers, and blooms in immense clusters. This is a most vigorous grower, and strikes readily from cuttings, if planted in the open border in October. For the White Moss, in particular, this will be a most eligible stock—making this shy and delicate Rose grow freely and bloom abundantly.

No.   I. Moss Roses
No.  II. Hybrid Perpetuals
No. III. Rose Standards
No. IV. Bourbon Roses