The Gardeners' Chronicle 2: 492 (July 23, 1842)
Hybrid Perpetuals

A. Z.

Among the fashionable Roses of the day are those Hybrid Chinese Roses which continue to bloom till Autumn, whence called “Hybrid Perpetual Roses.” They seem to bid fair to supersede those perpetual Roses derived from the old Four-seasons; as they grow and bloom more freely, and also strike readily from cuttings.

The Hybrid Perpetuals grow well in the driest and most unfavourable Rose-soils, when cultivated on their own roots; and it is to be regretted that at present but few of them possess that powerful and agreeable fragrance, so remarkable in the old perpetual Roses, which have for their type the Damask Rose. The Crimson Perpetual, Bernard, Josephine Antoinette, Royal, Grand et Belle, &c. &c., are not yet rivalled in this respect, as their perfume, like that of the old Cabbage Rose, seems to please every one, however indifferent to the odours of the flower-garden.

This new race of Roses has one fault, common to most flowers originated with facility from seed—they are too much alike. Thus, Princesse Heléne, Fulgorie, Comte de Paris, Marshal Soult, Queen Victoria, Augustine Mouchelet, Melanie Cornu, Louis Buonaparte, Edward Jesse, Lady Fordwich, and Newton, are of the same reddish-crimson, tinged with purple, and when gathered can scarcely be distinguished from each other, even by Rose growers, who would all be “put to confusion” if asked to name them when placed indiscriminately in a case in clusters. Most of the above have been raised by M. Laffay, near Paris; and they are, to use a florist's phrase, in “one strain.” Still they group well, and are well adapted for a bed of one leading colour. The most fragrant of those, particularly in autumn, are Fulgorie and Princesse Heléne.

In this family, as yet, there are few rose-coloured and blush flowers; however, Duchess of Sutherland, Clementine Duval (this season blooming more beautifully than ever), General Merlin, Julie Dupont, Duchesse de Nemours, Pauline Plantier, Prudence Raeser, De Neuilly, and Clementine Seringe, are all beautiful Roses of these shades of colour; the three latter remarkably fragrant, more particularly Clementine Seringe, which is as sweet as the Cabbage Rose. Prudence Raeser blooms in large and beautiful clusters, and is also remarkably fragrant, and distinct in character. Clementine Duval is a dwarf-growing Rose, and, with General Merlin, is well adapted for a small bed in the rosary.

One of the most distinct and beautiful among these Roses, is Madame Laffay; it would surpass the Crimson Perpetual, which it much resembles, were not the delicious perfume of the latter wanting, which shows how difficult it is to arrive at perfection, even in a Rose.

The flowers of Prince Albert in many situations do not appear to open well, and it is a most variable kind, sometimes lilac, sometimes red, and anon a deep velvety crimson, on the same plant. When its flowers do expand properly, their perfume is quite delicious; it also forces admirably; coming into flower in February, and if possible it is more fragrant then than when grown in the open air.

Aubernon is also a sweet Rose in every sense of the word. Duc d'Aumale, one of the newest, is of a deep crimson, with erect trusses of flowers, but is scarcely at all fragrant; this is one of M. Laffay's new Roses, as is “Perpetuelle Rivers,” “dedicated,” as they say in France, “to the Rose-grower of that name;” it is a large and brilliant Rose, approaching sometimes to Brennus in colour; its habit is robust in the extreme; its perfume not very perceptible. Reine de la Guillotiére is a Rose which was raised at Lyons, and, like Clementine Seringe and Pauline Plantier (also raised there), has a marked and distinct character; its leaves being dark and glossy, habit dwarf, flowers very double, and of a brilliant yet dark crimson, and is a charming and distinct variety. Guillotiére is a suburb of Lyons, whence its long name, not the most agreeable to the taste of many Rose-growers. Aricie and Mrs. Elliot are lilac-coloured flowers, rather destitute of brilliancy: the former seems dwarf and distinct in its habit, but its petals are too flaccid. Calliope is dwarf and pretty; its flowers are of a brilliant red, without perfume, and generally defective in shape.

William Jesse and General Allard are classed with these Roses, but they do not always bloom in autumn; they also group badly with them, as they make long unmanageable shoots. In a bed of Hybrid Perpetuals every shoot should have terminal flower-buds. All these kinds strike readily from cuttings planted in September under a hand glass; and some of them form fine standards. As a rule, no Rose of dwarf delicate growth should be chosen for this purpose. They have a beautiful effect in beds on their own roots, as they make compact bushes, and are covered with flowers all the summer and autumn.

No.   I. Moss Roses
No.  II. Hybrid Perpetuals
No. III. Rose Standards
No. IV. Bourbon Roses