The Rural New-Yorker, p. 378 (June 16, 1894)
West Grove, Pa.

It was stated under Ruralisms last week that a friend (an experienced rose grower) of Dr. W. Van Fleet, of West Grove, Pa., had met with easy success in striking cuttings of the hybrid Rugosa, Agnes Emily Carman. Dr. Van Fleet, at our request, asked his friend to explain his method to THE R. N.-Y., and he has kindly complied as follows:

“On December 21, 1893, I potted one budded stock plant of the rose Agnes Emily Carman into a six-inch pot. The soil used was ordinary loam from an old fence row; no manure was used. The house in which the plant was grown is 100 feet long and 18 feet wide, two-thirds span, with a southern exposure and heated by flues. A night temperature of 50 to 56 degrees was maintained, and a daily temperature of 60 to 75 degrees, with proper ventilation during favorable weather. The first crop, consisting or 51 cuttings, nearly all made with a single eye, was planted in pure, sharp limestone sand, in the south bench of the same house in which the stock plant was grown. The heat supply was from an eight-inch terra cotta pipe under the bench; distance from the fire box, about 75 feet. The entire length of the flue is 100 feet, with open circulation. The cuttings were well watered and covered with paper when necessary, and never were allowed to become dry. On March 28, 1894, 44 of the cuttings were rooted and potted in 2 1/2-inch pots, good, fresh loam without manure being used. On March 31, the second crop of cuttings, 36 in number, was planted; 20 of these rooted and were potted May 10, making the total number from one plant 64, to date.”