The Cultivator, 6(10): 309 (Oct. 1849)
Extracts of Letters from David Thomas, near Aurora, Cayuga Co. [NY]

New Seedling.—"Two or more years ago, I found a little seedling rose under the Champney, and transplanted it into a more roomy place. Last season, one shoot grew about 12 feet,—a perfect trailer,—and two shoots this year may extend 15 or 20 feet each. The flowers are in clusters, a light pink color, very double and beautifully formed. Like the Champney, however, it is rather tender, and will require to be laid down and covered with evergreens in winter. It opened yesterday for the first time, and we are all delighted with it. It is the smallest of all roses in my collection, which adds to its interest." 6 mo. 23, 1849.

* See Fig. and description of this mode of making
pillars of roses, in last No. of the Cultivator

Prairie or Michigan Roses.—"Our Chillicothe rose is much later than the other kinds, and will not be in bloom for some days—while the other four,—Queen of Prairie, Baltimore Belle, Pallida, and Caradori Allan, are in their glory. The Queen crowns the post through which it is fastened,* and some have thought it the finest object of the kind ever exhibited. As the flowers are not much clustered, they resemble little bells, but cover up the post completely. This circumstance is of much importance, and in training ought never to be forgotten, otherwise the post may appear like a tree with a dead top. The Baltimore Belle has its flowers in masses, and is not so picturesque on this account. Pallida has the best shape, but I fear is not sufficiently rampant in its growth for pillars. Caradori Allan, only semi-double, is more of a rose color than the others, grows rampantly, and will cover up the post. Professor Jackson said last year that none of his made a finer appearance, if so fine. Its flowers, like the Queen, are not much clustered, which is a great advantage. The Chillicothe also has a great growth, and we have one more than a foot higher than the post, and will soon be glorious.

"My new seedling has been admired, but like the Greville and Laure Davoust, is rather tender. I think it not quite so fine, however, as the two last mentioned. If these were hardy, nothing could exceed their splendor." 7 mo. 6, 1849.

Layering Roses.—"Col. Young's method was to bud the new kinds on a thrifty shoot, and the next season when they started to grow, to lay them in a trench, earth them, and let them root. This plan is excellent for such as grow without flowering that season; but such as bloom abundantly, will rarely root, and often perish. In this way, I lost Fanny Parisot, Prince Albert, and others. I am now trying if destroying the blossom buds will not cause them to root, by stimulating the branches, as flowering is a very exhausting process. But I am carrying the experiment farther. Pruning judiciously will often cause new sprouts to supply the want of foliage that the plant has lost) and whenever this takes place in a layer, it is strongly stimulated to strike new roots. Indeed, we may lay it down as a general rule, in respect to layers, that the growth of the root will be proportionate to the growth of the branches. To encourage this growth, the ends of the layers ought to be left as erect as possible." 7 mo. 6, 1849.

"I find in making layers of rose shoots of the present year, that they are very impatient of slight injuries; and therefore it is best to bend down the stem into which the buds have been set, soon after vegetation commences, and the young shoots will be more erect. There is also an advantage in beginning to earth them early, as the bark is prevented from becoming rigid, and the fibrous roots from the base of the new stems will more readily strike." 6 mo. 23, 1849.

Pillar Roses.—"I cannot discover many roses besides the Michigans, the Boursalts, and the Ayrshires, that are suitable for tall pillars in this climate. The Multifloras, indeed.—including the Greville and Laure Davoust,—on account of their not abiding our winters without protection, may be trained on the ground by moderate pressure, such as a flat stone or a block of wood,—covered with litter or evergreens, and then raised up and fastened to the post in spring, not omitting to wind them round it. Hybrid Blanche and Watt's Celestial show quite an aspiring disposition. But several others which I procured for this purpose, are totally unsuitable for this northern land, though they may do well three or four degrees further south. Of this kind is Cora L. Barton, Solfaterre, Sandeur Panache, Madame Desprez, and Gloire de Rosamene; I have not perceived any climbing tendency about them.

"I have learned something since last year in regard to training pillar roses. I began by passing the stem through the hole in the post, and then forming a considerable curve before it entered the hole next above, like a person with arms a-kimbo; but when they came into bloom, the appearance was not fine, but rather discordant to taste. Much of the post was not concealed; and when the tup was bare, it reminded me of a dead topped tree. I now therefore wind each stem closely round the post—say once in three or four feet, and then pass it through a hole to prevent it from falling. In this way, and in consequence of the lateral branches of the next year, which bear the blossoms, the post will be covered up and concealed, while it will be thickly clothed with bloom from top to bottom, and be literally a pillar of roses."