The Rose Garden: In Two Divisions. (1848)  Division II. pp. 16-19.
By William Paul

Group III.–The Scotch Rose

WELL has this Rose been named “Spinosissima,” for it is indeed the most spiny of all Roses, and the spines are as sharp as they are plentiful. They are far more so than they seem to be; and a word of caution here may save the tyro an unpleasant greeting. The Scotch Rose is a native species, growing plentifully in many parts of Britain. I have somewhere read or heard it stated, that the first double Scotch Roses were raised from seed by Mr. Brown, a Nurseryman at Perth. It is from that part many of our finest varieties have issued, and varieties have been exceedingly numerous; for they seed so abundantly, and the seed vegetates so freely, that there is no difficulty in raising seedlings. But with English amateurs they are not popular; why, I do not know, except it arise from the short duration of their flowers. They all form compact bushes, being usually grown as such, for they are not well adapted for standards. They flower abundantly, and early in the season. The flowers are small and globular; many of them, as they hang on the bush, looking like little balls. I recollect being much struck with a stand of these Roses brought to one of the Horticultural exhibitions in May. The season was an early and a genial one, and they were produced in great beauty.

* I recollect once meeting with a plant at Garth Point, North Wales, which had fastened itself in the crevice of a bare rock, where it not only lived, but flourished. It was solitary; no plant disputed its position.

Scotch Roses are in character planted as a hedge round a Rosarium, where such may be required: a bank of Scotch Roses I should also conceive to produce a good effect. They like a pure air—and indeed what Roses do not?—but will grow almost anywhere.*

When plants of the Scotch Rose become established in the soil, the stems push laterally under ground, often rising to the surface at a considerable distance from the plant. These are called suckers, and are separated from the mother plant to form new plants; and thus is the Scotch Rose propagated. It is not easy to confound this with any other group, the spines are so thickly set on the stems. The growth is dwarf. The flowers are mostly small, double, and globular in form, possessed of a peculiarly grateful fragrance. The plants resemble each other so nearly in every respect, that it seems only necessary to affix the colours.

There are some hybrids of this group well worthy of cultivation: the Perpetual Scotch and Stanwell, which bloom both in summer and autumn, are the most remarkable.

1. ACASTO; flowers blush purple.
2. ADELAIDE; flowers red, large.
3. AIMABLE ÉTRANGÈRE; (Hybrid) flowers pure white.
4. AIMABLE ROSETTE; flowers red or rose.
5. ALEMINA; flowers light purple, striped.
6. AMBUCHELET; flowers rosy lilac.
7. APOLLO; flowers purplish red.
8. ARGO; flowers light red.
9. ARTERRESEA; flowers blush purple marbled.
10. AESOP; flowers red and purple striped.
11. ATHOL; flowers blush.
12. BELLONA; flowers light red.
13. BLANDA; flowers pale red marbled.
14. CALISTA; flowers white.
15. COUNTESS OF BREADALBANE; flowers rosy purple.
16. COUNTESS OF GLASGOW; flowers deep purple.
17. COUNTESS OF KINNOUL; flowers purple.
18. COUNTESS OF STRATHALLAN; see Viscountess of Strathallan.
19. CUPID; flowers purple.
20. DAPHNE; flowers pink.
21. DOMINIE SAMSON; flowers marbled blush.
22. DUCHESS OF BEDFORD; flowers rose-colour.
23. EREBUS; flowers dark red.
24. EUGENIUS; flowers light red or rose.
25. EUROPA; flowers light rose-colour.
26. FLORA; flowers crimson, large.
27. GIL BLAS; flowers light red.
28. GUY MANNERING; flowers blush, large.
29. HANNIBAL; flowers purplish crimson.
30. HARDII (Hybrid); flowers white edged with rose, small and double; form, cupped. Growth, moderate.
31. IRIS; flowers white.
32. IVANHOE; flowers pinkish blush.
33. JAMES'S PURPLE; flowers purple.
34. JOSEPHUS; flowers light yellow.
35. JUNO; flowers red marbled.
36. JUPITER; flowers marbled purple.
37. KING OF SCOTS; flowers rosy purple.
38. LA CENAMONE; (Hybrid) flowers pure white, large and very sweet; form, compact; not globular, as in others of this group.
39. LA NIEGE; flowers pure white.
40. LADY BANKS; flowers blush red.
42. LADY FINCH HATTON; flowers crimson, semi-double.
43. LADY ROLLO; flowers lilac.
44. MANETTE; (Hybrid) flowers deep pink, changing to rosy lilac, of medium size, full; form, compact. Growth, moderate.
45. MARCHIONESS OF LANSDOWNE.; flowers sulphur-colour.
47. MEG MERRILIES; flowers red.
48. MIDAS: flowers dark red.
49. MRS. CRAIGIE; flowers blush.
50. MRS. HAMILTON; flowers blush purple.
51. MRS. HAY; flowers straw-colour.
52. MRS. M. STIRLING; flowers dark velvety red, fine.
53. MOZART; flowers blush.
54. NEPTUNE; flowers find dark red.
55. PAINTED LADY; (Hybrid) flowers white, sometimes striped with red; large; the marking inconstant.
56. PALESTINE; flowers blush.
57. PARIS; flowers dark red or rose.
58. PLATO; flowers purplish red.
59. PRINCESS; flowers blush white.
60. PRINCESS ELIZABETH; flowers bright pink.
61. PROSERPINE; flowers pale pink.
62. PURPUREA; flowers purplish red.
63. PYTHAGORAS; flowers marbled red or rose.
64. QUEEN OF MAY; flowers bright pink.
65. SATURNIA; flowers white.
66. SAXONIA; flowers pale rose.
67. SERGIA; flowers purple.
68. SHAKSPEARE; flowers deep red.
69. SOCRATES; flowers striped blush.
70. SULPHUREA; flowers straw-coloured.
71. TRUE YELLOW; (Hybrid) flowers pale yellow when first expanding, dying off creamy white.
72. VENUS; flowers dark rose.
73. VICTORIA; (Hybrid) flowers dark red and rose shaded, double; form expanded. Growth, moderate.
75. WAVERLEY; flowers red.
76. WILLIAM THE IV.; flowers white, large. 

p. 84

According to the statements of M. Boitard, there is scarcely any limit to the variation of Roses produced from seed. He affirms that M. Noisette, a French cultivator, has never sown seeds of the Chinese Roses (R. INDICA) without raising some Scotch Roses (R. SPINOSISSIMA) from them. He states, This fact is not fupported by a solitary occurrence, but has been frequently observed by that cultivator, and is further attested by the evidence of M. Laffay, who has raised seedlings on an extensive scale, and has this year between 200,000 and 300,000.

Sabine: Double Scotch Roses (1820)

Rowley: Scotch Roses (1961)