The Magazine of Horticulture 23: 129-131 (Mar. 1857)
THE ROSE.—No. 3.

RECURRING to the characteristic of "hardiness," it must be remembered that transplanting or setting out Tea roses here in the fall, cannot be adopted as a rule of practice without great risk. Such winters as this and the last would prove their certain death. If the winter, however, should happen to be so mild that Tea roses should put forth in February, (an occurrence not unfrequent,) the transplanted bush being backward will be the least liable to injury. During the past month of January the weather has been more severe than last winter, and as it has been very detrimental here upon tender roses, especially the Teas, it may be well to note all perfectly hardy kinds this season. The thermometer at Peirce's nursery, near Washington city, was as low as 19° below zero, Fahr., at his house, and 33° below zero, in the valley below.

ON NEW ROSES.—There are two kinds of new roses, those raised from sporting branches and those from seeds, and we may also include as a third kind, Perpetual roses produced from shy bloomers by repeated fall budding. Paul says that "the French florists have an ingenious way of obtaining Perpetual roses. If a Damask, or other annual bloomer, produce a chance bloom in the autumn, buds are taken from this and successive autumn-blooming shoots, from year to year, till an abundance of flowers are obtained in the autumn." Sports are not very common in roses, but when observed should always be perpetuated, if the variety is worthy of attention. The Moss rose is a sport, and also several of our variegated Perpetuals. The pleasant little rose so strangely named " Fortune's Five-colored," occasionally puts forth a beautifully striped rose, and I have now in progress some experiments upon this sport, of which the results may be known this year. The great feature, however, of rose culture, is the production of new varieties from the seed, and in this, as in all arts of high culture, we look to the east for light and sustenance. But the time has come when we can and should look at home for "new roses." A correspondent from Washington, Mississippi, writes me—"this is truly the land of roses." About two years since a lady of high intelligence and taste on seeing what I considered a good new rose, remarked that she had raised many, much better, from the seed, at home in Mississippi, and that most of her roses were raised from the seed. This rose was a decided improvement upon Pompone de St. Radegonde, which it resembled in habit. The remark may have been tinctured with a little prejudice of home preferences, but there can be no doubt that the Southern States offer as fine a field for rose culture and the origination of new roses as any country on the globe. There is no reason why we should not send new roses to France in exchange for those we import, and when rose culture shall become more an object of attention at the South, we shall not import so many old roses from Europe. I have no means of acurately knowing, but presume that not less than one hundred thousand roses are imported annually from France and England. There are over ten thousand imported by one rose dealer in this city. For the production of new roses the pecuniary temptation is by no means trivial. It is commonly reported that the proprietors of the celebrated Augusta rose realized a very handsome amount from its sale, although it has not much merit as a novelty, so little does it differ from Solfaterre. A yellow Noisette, "Isabella Gray," brought from South Carolina about two years ago, is preferred here. The history of Devoniensis is a good example of the worth of a valuable new rose; I have it upon the authority of G. C. Thorburn, of Newark, N. Jersey, one of our pioneers in floriculture and the first importer of this rose. It was raised from the seed by a cottager in Devonshire, Eng.; Mr. Pince, of the firm of Luccombe & Pince, of the Exeter nurseries, happened to see this rose in passing, and was so much struck with its charms that he induced the cottager to part with it for ten guineas; after he had propagated it, he took it to London and sold in one day one hundred bushes, for one hundred and ten pounds. The Duke of Devonshire bought five at a guinea each. The day for distinct new roses has not yet gone by; we should rather suppose it had but just commenced. It may be safely estimated that a distinct new rose, of fine qualities and good growth, should be worth at least five hundred dollars to its owner, without any special management. Perhaps the answer to these remarks may be, that the difficulty of raising roses from the seed, and the uncertainty of getting distinct roses, (perhaps one out of a thousand,) are enough to discourage the attempt. These objections are more imaginary than real, as we shall soon see.

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