American Gardening 21(297): 584-585 (Sept 1, 1900)

Yellow Roses

CONSIDERING the popularity of yellow Roses it is rather surprising that raisers have not yet produced a really good pure yellow bedding variety with the glorious free sturdy habit of a Grace Darling, Marie d'Orleans, or Caroline Testout. For the nearest approach to this standard we must go to Mme. Hoste or Marie Van Houtte, and they are not, strictly speaking, yellow Roses. Some may be disposed to try Etoile de Lyon, but I have tried it and found it useless. It is beautiful under glass, but it is not my ideal of a good yellow for outdoors. Neither is Perle des Jardins. As a forcing Rose it stands unequaled, but for bedding I have never found it a success. In my opinion Jean Pernet and Amazone are far better than either of the two latter for outdoor culture. Medea is superb, but I think it should be planted near a low west wall, so that its very double flowers are assisted in expanding. Mme. C. Guinoisseau is good as a buttonhole variety, its pretty canary-yellow flowers coming in very useful for the purpose. Many may prefer the more robust grower Isabella Sprunt, which is said to be a sport of Safrano. I saw a fine bed of it at Kew a few years ago.

It seems we must seek for the best pure Daffodil yellows amongst the climbing Tea Roses. Of course Maréchal Niel is the king of yellows as it is the king of Roses, but where one succeeds with it outdoors twenty fail. In many gardens it is a great success grown upon standard Briars, but it needs careful protection in winter; in fact, it would pay anyone to have it carefully thatched over. One may also obtain fine flowers of this grand Rose upon bush plants. These should be planted in rows on a well-drained soil, resting preferably on gravel. Prune the annual growths back to within about 18 inches of their base, and shorten any laterals to three or four eyes, and a goodly number of most useful blossoms may be secured. For garden decoration such bushes would be out of the question, as the flowers are entirely hidden beneath the glossy leaves; but planted in the reserve or nursery garden a few dozens of such bushes would be of untold value to a gardener who has large demands for cut bloom.

Perhaps the second best yellow Rose is Henriette de Beauveau, but unless it can be planted against a west wall it should be grown as a standard. I would not advise anyone to waste time and space upon La Boule d'Or. As shown sometimes it is beautiful in the extreme, but it really requires to be grown under glass; in fact, there are many of the glorious Tea Roses that seem only fit for such a purpose.

Duchesse d'Auerstadt is a first-rate Rose of a tint known as citron yellow. In habit it is as vigorous as Réve d'Or, so that in order to induce it to flower freely it requires a large amount of wall space, and also its growths need to be spread out almost horizontally. Le Soleil, Mme. Eugene Verdier, Narcisse, Celine Forestier, Triomphe des Rennes, Mme. Henri Defresne and Belle Lyonnaise are all good yellow Roses. The deep orange and coppery yellow kinds I have not included in these few notes, leaving this part of the subject for a future occasion. There are some new varieties which are more or less yellow that should not be overlooked. Of these Beryl is a delightful kind for buttonholes. The tiny golden-yellow buds, so freely produced all through the summer upon slender branching growths, cannot fail to please. Billiard and Barre is a Rose showing the results of cross fertilization in a remarkable degree. The seed parent was Alice Furon, a variety of the Lady Mary Fitzwilliam type, bearing enormous seed pods, but its flowers are almost white, and its growth decidedly moderate. The pollen parent was Duchesse d'Auerstadt. The seedling inherits the remarkable vigor of the latter, also a near approach to its color, but the flower has the cupped, semi-double form of the seed parent. I believe it will be a fine climber.

Prince Theodore Galitzine will be a valuable addition to the rich yellows of the type of Souvenir de Mme. Antoine Levet, but I should say hardier and certainly freer in growth. The sweet Little Queen appears likely to prove a useful Rose for cutting. It is of the same shade as Celine Forestier, which is bright Narcissus yellow. It is also a good grower, partaking somewhat of the Mme. Hoste style. Baronne Ada is another good acquisition. Its flowers are creamy white with chrome-yellow centers; the petals are very large—P., in the London Garden.