Annual Report of the Minnesota State Horticultural Society (1892)

New Ulm Station

C. W. H. Heideman, Supt.

Budded Roses.—It may not be generally known, but our native wild rose, Rosa blanda, is one of the best stocks obtainable in the Northwest as a stock upon which to bud any or all of the Hybrid Remontant, Hybrid Tea, Hybrid Noisette, Tea, Bourbon and Noisette classes.

For the past five or six years we have been experimenting with roses on their own roots, budded low on Manetti, and worked as tree roses on native stock. The difference in favor of the native stock was observed by hundreds of visitors who saw our roses last summer. We have plants so worked, that are six years old, and they are just as healthy as can be. The union in nearly all cases is smooth and perfect. Dwarf and weak growing varieties are stronger and healthier than on own roots. From a row containing Hermosa, Madame Pierre Oger, La France, Madame Andre Duron, Queen of Queens, Reine Marie Henrietta, Bouquet d'Or, Celine Forestier, Madame Celeste, Etoille De Lyon, L'Abundance and Madame Georges Bruant we were able to cut roses every day from June 12th to Nov. 1st without a single exception, with here and there a magnificent bloom of Hybrid Remontants during the entire season.

As a rule all roses of less than a very vigorous growth do better, blossom more freely and stand the winter better when worked our native stock than when budded on Manetti or on own roots.

Such varieties as Hermosa (bourbon), La France (hybrid tea), Reine Marie Henriette (climbing tea), are wonderfully improved in size, color and freedom of bloom. We find no trouble from suckers after the first year, and know of no reason why roses so worked should not be long lived.