Rhodora 28(328): 56-57 (April 1926)
Botanizing in Newfoundland (excerpt)
M. L. Fernald

1 Fernald, RHODORA, xxviii. 21 (1926).

The fascination of the lower slopes and barrens, the necessity of properly caring for our collections and the encountering, on our second day, of an impassible mountain-stream, kept us from reaching the unglaciated tablelands. Scattered at all levels on the slopes were colonies of Luzula campestris var. congesta (Thuill.) Meyer, a plant well known in Eurasia and from British Columbia to southern California but not heretofore in eastern America; and in a bit of hudsonian thicket bordering a seepy bank Long found a small colony of Mitchella repens L., the Partridgeberry of the eastern States, for which the Newfoundland record was doubtful. There was only a tiny patch, and the corolla was white and odorless, quite lacking the pink tinge and the delicious fragrance of the plant of the continent. But we found two other species which we had not previously thought of as peculiarly fragrant. One was the ubiquitous Rosa nitida Willd. This shrub was in such beautiful condition that we yielded to the temptation to put some into our collecting boxes, although herbaria are full of Newfoundland specimens. Opening our boxes in the evening, we were surprised by a delicious and pervading fragrance as of tuberoses (Polianthes tuberosa L.). This came from the flowers of Rosa nitida and our respect for the common rose of southern and central Newfoundland vastly increased. The other peculiarly fragrant plant was the endemic ragged orchis of Newfoundland, Habenaria lacera var. terrae-novae Fernald,1 a characteristic plant of bog and tundra, with cream-white to crimson-lake flowers and a most delicious fragrance suggestive of lily-of-the-valley, Convallaria.