The Botanic Garden vol 3. (1830) 197
Rosa banksiae lutea

Budding Roses

This delightful specimen of Chinese beauty may be expected to originate a new feature in the external embellishments of the English villa. Its freedom of growth, and flowering, make it highly desirable. A single bud of it was put into the stem of the common China Rose, in May last; and in September it had made a well-branched shoot, seven feet nine inches long. The China Rose was then detached from the wall, against which it was trained, extended on the border, and the various branches that had grown from the bud were separately laid in small pots of soil, in the manner of carnations. In nine weeks afterwards they were separated from the parent plant, and turned into an open bed, with each a hand-glass over it, where they now, (January) remain, strong healthy plants, fifty-six in number.

The art that produces such advantages must be valuable, we, therefore, concisely state the manual operation of Budding; and precautionary advice will appear at a future opportunity.

Make choice of a bud; insert the knife from half to three quarters of an inch below it, and take one third of the substance of the branch with the bud: turn out the knife at the same distance above it, separating a piece similar to the representation.
Take the piece thus cut off, and separate the wood from the bark, nearly to the root of the bud, in the direction represented; afterwards, commence at the other end of the piece, and in like manner carefully remove the woody part entirely.
The Bark thus detached may now be called the shield; which should have the root of the bud full within it; but any little fibrous shive of the wood attached to the base of the bud, as represented, would prevent a ready union of the bud and stock.
The whole being thus perfect, make a cross cut, as in the annexed engraving, about half way round the branch that is to receive the bud; also another cut longitudinally, an inch and a half long; and with the thin ivory haft of a budding knife raise the bark, to admit the shield beneath it.
Then quickly insert the shield, leaving a small portion of the top of it above the cross cut, as shown opposite, which part must be cut off exactly over the cross cut, as indicated by the spotted line in the engraving, so that the end of the shield will be made to meet the bark of the branch.
This last operation should be exact, because the union of the stem bark with the shield first takes place at the cross cut. The whole should now be closely tied, as represented, with a little soft bass or matting that has been previously soaked in water, and the operation will be complete.