Rosa setigera/rubifolia (species) Formerly known as the "Native Multiflora'. It has been the parent of numerous hardy hybrids, though the hardiness is related to where the R. setigera parent originated.

C. M. Hovey in The Garden (June 5, 1880): "Mr Pierce's Roses are not quite so hardy as those of Mr. Feast; in very severe winters the strong shoots get killed part-way down."

Joshua Pierce in The Magazine of Horticulture (March 1844): "Permit me to call the attention of florists, through the columns of your useful journal, to the Prairie, or Tennessee rose, (Rosa rubifolia.) This rose, a native of our Western and South-western states, was, as I have understood, first introduced into this district in the garden of Gen. Van Ness, from Tennessee, whence it has here taken the name of the Tennessee rose."

A. Fahnestock in The Horticulturist (Aug 1850): "Mrs. Hannah Levering of Baltimore, Md., having removed to Lancaster, Ohio, forwarded seeds of the wild Prairie Rose to Mr. Samuel Feast, an eminent florist of Baltimore, who planted the same, and after they had vegetated, permitted a few to climb over a bed of Noisette roses. The blossoms of the Prairie became (many of them) impregnated from the pollen of the Noisettes. The seeds from the Prairie roses were carefully gathered and planted, and from the many seedlings, the following new varieties were produced, all fine double roses:"

And so, Pierce's Hybrids, derived from Tennessee Setigeras, were less hardy than Feast's hybrids bred from Ohio stock of the species. Horvath's Hybrid Setigeras, bred after he moved to Ohio, were probably bred from local selections. I think it is reasonable to suppose that collections of Rosa setigera from Michican or southern Canada would give even hardier hybrids.

July 18, 2013 - Heiskell, TN

June 19, 2013 - Heiskell, TN

June 19, 2013 - Heiskell, TN

June 19, 2013 - Heiskell, TN - Very pale pink and poorly formed.

June 14, 2013 - Heiskell, TN. Growing in a tree.

June 14, 2013 - Heiskell, TN

June 14, 2013 - Heiskell, TN

Oct 12, 2011 - Rural Lawrenceburg, KY

June 18, 2011 - Rural Lawrenceburg, KY

June 18, 2011 - Rural Lawrenceburg, KY

June 5, 2010 - Rural Lawrenceburg, KY

June 5, 2010 - Rural Lawrenceburg, KY

Garden and Forest. August 18, 1897. p. 320-321.

Rosa setigera

WE have frequently called attention to the beauty and value of the Prairie Rose as a garden plant. It has been known for a century, although gardeners are only just learning its value, and, curiously enough, no good figure of it has been published until this week, when we print on page 323 the reproduction of a drawing of flowering and fruiting branches made by Mr. Faxon in the Arnold Arboretum.

Rosa setigera has been described so often that it is unnecessary to do more than to refer again to its many good qualities, its hardiness and rapid growth, its freedom from the attacks of the insects which disfigure so many Roses, and the charm of its lovely pink flowers which open about the middle of July, when the flowering time of most Roses is passed.

Rosa setigera may be trained to a pillar after the fashion usually adopted for the cultivation of its better-known offsprings, the Baltimore Belle and Queen of the Prairie, but to our taste it looks the best when allowed to grow naturally, and to send out without restriction its long arching shoots, which sometimes attain the length of twelve or fifteen feet during the season, and in their second year produce many short erect lateral branches, which bear the crowded flower-clusters toward their extremities. Planted in rich soil, with a dozen feet separating it from its nearest neighbor, the Prairie Rose will grace any garden, and if several hundred plants could be used together in one great mass to cover some broad slope or steep bank in a large park, an effect of surprising beauty would be obtained; and if in such a mass the plants were set from twelve to twenty feet apart with the ground between them carpeted with the long prostrate stems of Rosa Wichuraiana, which produces its fragrant white flowers when the Prairie Rose is blooming, a harmonious composition might be obtained.

Single plants of such flowering shrubs as Rosa setigera dotted here and there through mixed shrubberies, although in themselves beautiful, often make a plantation spotty and fail to produce the effects which might be obtained by masses of a single shrub or of two or three shrubs harmonious in form and color. The promiscuous mixing up of shrubs and trees of many countries ill-sorted in form and in the color of foliage and flower, is a common fault in most American park-planting, the result in part of a superabundance of material and in part of a want of self-restraint on the part of the planter which manifests itself in a desire to make as much show as possible without much regard for the harmony of the result. An experiment which we have suggested before of massing shrubs of the same kind together in the different parts of a large park or park system, instead of planting everywhere first a Rose, then a white-flowered Spiraea, then a Forsythia, and so on, is certainly worth a trial. Tending to secure breadth, simplicity and unity, it would at least do away with the eternal monotony of American park-planting and produce at different seasons color-effects which only the Japanese have known how to make truly effective.

American Agriculturist 4:220 (1847)
W. R. Prince
Prince's Linnaean Bot. Garden, and Nurseries,
Flushing, June 12, 1845.

I Notice in many papers recently a description of the native "Michigan, or Eglantine Rose." That description refers to the single flowering variety which is found in great profusion on our own western prairies, whence the title adopted for it by the horticulturists is "Prairie Rose." It is altogether distinct from every other species in its foliage, which assimilates to that of the Bramble, whence it derives its specific title. The qualities which cause the "Prairie Rose" to be highly esteemed, are, first, its rapid growth, which is often 20 to 30 feet in a season; secondly, its extreme hardihood, the latter being a character which is applicable to none other except the Ayrshire, and not to that in an equal degree. My present object is to call your attention, and that of your readers, to the highly interesting double varieties of this class, which appear to be unknown to the writer of the notices I have referred to.

One of these sportive productions was found wild in Ohio, and several others have been produced from seed by Mr. Feast and others, and I have been fortunate enough to produce several fine seedlings, and have now at least a thousand seedlings from which I intend to select the most beautiful for propagation. I am also hybridizing this species with the Bengal, Tea, and other perpetual flowering varieties, and hope to obtain that most important desideratum, a perpetual flowering fragrant climbing rose. Perhaps I may succeed in obtaining many of that character differing in color, &c. This is the only climbing rose indigenous to our country, as the Cherokee Rose of the Southern States is originally from Asia, and the sweet-briar, which is a partial climber, was introduced from Europe. We have recently made great additions to our establishment, and particularly in the department of roses. Suffice it to say that this class alone now occupies four acres, and comprises above 1200 varieties, among which are all the splendid new ones that have latterly been produced in Europe by hybridizing the various classes. The public taste has become so fastidious, that scarcely any roses are highly prized, unless they belong to the perpetual flowering classes, and the short-lived June roses, which bloom but once, and then but for a week, have fallen into merited disrepute.

Kemp: Floral development of Rosa setigera (1993)

Hybrid Setigeras

Meehan: Rosa setigera (1898)