Rosa carolina (Species)

Fairview, KY. May 23, 2010

Fairview, KY. May 23, 2010

Fairview, KY. May 23, 2010

Trousset: Nouveau dictionnaire encyclopédique universel illustré, vol. 5, p. 142 (1885)

Rosier de la Caroline; section de fleur et de fruit.


From Dillenius' Hortus Elthamensis Tomus alter (1732). p. 325 t. 245, fig. 316
Hips belong to R. pendulina.

Rosa carolina fragrans, foliis mediotenus serratis. T. CCXLV. F. 316.

Quinquennes & sexennes hujus plantas Hortus Elthamensis alit, humiles & duorum pedum altitudinem non superantes, stipitibus gracilibus virentibus, rarioribus spinis obsitis, qui ramulos emittunt tenues glabros, raro item spinosos, foliis praeditos glabris, silvestri vulgari similibus, sed nonnihil angustioribus, e quinque & septem foliis partialibus compositis, quae id peculiare habent, quod non per omnem longitudinem, sed paullo supra mediam partem ab apice serrata sint, parte inferiore versus pediculum integra. Five year and six year plants growing in the garden of Elthamensis, low and not exceeding two feet in height, slender green stalks, rarely spiny, thin twigs hairless, also rarely spiny, smooth leaves, similar to ordinary wild ones, but slightly narrower, and compounded of five and seven leaflets, that it serves, not all the same length, serrated from the middle part to the apex, entire on the lower part.
Flores in pediculis curtis nascuntur solitarii, quam vulgaris silvestris caninae, aliquantum minores, magis rubentes & magis odorati, Rosae Damascenae instar suaveolentes, e quinque petalis cordatis, ex incarnato rubentibus, versus ungues subpallidis, staminibus albicantibus & apicibus flaventibus conflati, calyce excepti in quinque oblonga cuspidata segmenta diviso, ex embryone parvo rotundo egrediente. Foliorum pediculi, calycis segmenta &c embryo tenuibus pilis obsita sunt. Fructus nobiscum ad maturitatem nondam pervenerunt, parvi autem erant & rotundi, antequam maturescerent. Julio & Augusto mensibus floruit. Flowers solitary on short pedicels, like common wild dog roses, somewhat smaller, more pink and more fragrant, scented like Damask roses, five heart-shaped petals, become reddish from the greenish yellow base, whitish stamens and yellow anthers attached, calyx divided into five long segments, going out from the small round receptacle. Leaf petiole, sepals and receptacle covered with fine hairs. With the fruit was ripe yet arrived, but they were small and round, before it was. Flowers in the months of July and August.
Rosae sylvestris Virginiensis Parkins. descriptio nec huic, nec sequenti speciei quadrat, ut cuivis Theatr. Bot. Ej. p. 1017. & Raj. Hist. Plant. Tom. II. p. 1473. evolventi patebit. Rosa sylvestris Virginiensis Parkins. description is not this one, nor does it square with the following Theatr. Bot. Ej. p. 1017. & Raj. Hist. Plant. Tom. II. p. 1473. developing clear.