Clare (China)

The Botanic Garden: Consisting of Highly Finished Representations, Volume 5 (1834-5)
Benjamin Maund

10 feet.
Flowers in
July, Oct.
in 1827.

No. 445.

The Celtic word, RHOS, a Rose, from the word RHODD, of the same language, signifying red, has, with a little variation, been transferred into numerous other languages, to convey a meaning similar to the original. Indica is applied as a specific name, to connect the plant with its native country. This, in the present instance, is but partially correct, for the Rose Clare is, doubtless, a hybrid production, but we have not been able to ascertain whether it originated in this country or in France. Its beauty must be accepted as a compensation for its deficiency of hereditary family honours.

It has been well said, by an eminent botanist, that the Rose is the most favourite of plants, in all countries of the globe; the type of beauty and love, bestowing its name to enrich other flowers; which derive from thence, their chief celebrity; and taking unquestioned precedence in all matters of ornament or taste. But thorns are proverbially the accompaniments of Roses; nor can any one be more sensible of this, than the botanist who attempts to extricate and define the species of this beautiful family. Cultivated plants, in general, are known to sport in luxuriant varieties; often transient indeed, but sufficiently durable to cause much perplexity to the accurate observer.

Joseph Clare = Lord Townshend

The Rose Clare partakes of the habit and character of the China Rose, and there is little doubt but it has been raised from this species; where, or by whom, we cannot with confidence state. Report, however, states that it originated with a gentleman of the name of Clare; and that it was raised from seeds brought from Italy. The great variety of seedling Roses which are annually raised, both here and on the continent, renders it a matter of little interest to nurserymen to know their origin. The qualities which constitute the passport of a plant to public favour must, necessarily, be the most important subject of consideration.

In this particular, the Rose Clare has a distinguished claim. It grows freely, wherever other Roses flourish, and produces an abundance of flowers, from the commencement of its flowering season to the close of autumn.

A method of expeditious propagation, practised by M. Vibert, of St. Dennis, and mentioned by Mr. Loudon in the Gardener's Magazine, may be novel to many of our readers. The species which it is intended to increase is budded on the current year's shoots of the Rosa reversa. When the buds begin to push, the stems in which they are inserted, are laid down; and the shoot proceeding from the bud, deriving nourishment, as well from the roots emitted into the soil, as from the stock, grows vigorously, so as to admit of layers being rooted and taken off the same season.

Botanical Register, 17: 1438 (1831)
Rose Clare

This was sent from Italy by the gentleman whose name it bears, with several other very beautiful Roses. Its exact origin is not known to us. It has now for several years been growing against a west wall in the Garden of the Horticultural Society, but it does not appear likely to exceed the stature of five or six feet. 

The great beauty of the variety consists in its constant flowering, and the deep rich crimson of its petals; besides which, its foliage is of a rich deep green, evergreen, and not more affected by cold than that of the common China Rose. One would think it a hybrid between Rosa indica and Rosa sempervirens, if either of those species possessed the deep tint found in its flowers ; in that respect it agrees with R. semperflorens, but there is nothing else in its habit to indicate such a parentage. In its styles it conforms to Rosa sempervirens, of which it ought perhaps to be considered a domesticated variety. 

It strikes freely from cuttings. J. L.