Blairii #1 ? (Hybrid China) [Yellow Tea x Tuscan]

The British Flower Garden (series the second) (1838)
Blair's New China Rose — Rosa indica var. Blairi #405

A tall, strong growing shrub. Stems erect, copiously prickly, with green, glabrous branches. Prickles short, stout, straight, or slightly deflexed, with a broad base. Leaflets 3, 5, or 7, stalked, oblong-elliptical, acuminate, sharply and equally serrated, of a full green, even and shining above, paler beneath, glabrous on both sides, three inches long, and from an inch to an inch and a half in breadth. Petioles copiously glandular, and furnished with a few short prickles. Stipules adherent, fringed with stalked glands, the free apices lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers terminal, solitary, or somewhat cymose, large, very fragrant. Peduncles stout, cylindrical, glandular, from an inch and a half to two inches long. Bractes lanceolate, acuminate, fringed with glands, silky beneath. Calyx, the tube globular, glabrous; sepals ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, an inch long, furnished at the base with one or two linear lobes, externally glandular, internally copiously downy. Petals obcordate, of a rich lilac, often furnished with a white stripe at the middle, yellow at the base, especially the inner ones.

This splendid rose is a hybrid production, having been raised by Mr. Blair about seven years ago from seeds of the yellow China, which had been fecundated by the pollen of the Tuscan rose. Its aspect is more robust than that of the other varieties of the China rose, and is remarkable for the size of its leaves and flowers. The petals are yellow at the base, especially towards the centre of the flower, and are besides frequently furnished with a white stripe along their middle, a character also present in the common blush China rose.

The blossoms are produced in abundance, they are very fragrant, and their colour is of a rich purple. It is a strong growing kind, and there are few varieties more worthy of cultivation. It may be increased by cuttings, or successfully budded upon the Rosa canina, or any others of our larger native roses.

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Clay's, Stamford Hill, in June last.