Anne-Marie de Montravel (Polyantha) [Polyantha alba plena sarmentosa x Madame de Tartas] (SJH)

August 9, 2009

August 9, 2009

The Garden: An Illustrated Weekly Journal of Horticulture in All its Branches, 29: 118-119 (1886)
Dwarf Perpetual Polyantha Rose.

This Rose affords a striking example of the universal law of variability. The type, the sarmentose Polyantha, is a native of Japan, whence it was introduced about twenty years ago, by Fortune. But little attention was paid to it at first; indeed, so much was this the case, that the director of our Park, M. Bonnet, did not think it worth a place among other Roses there, and gave me the plant of it which he had received from the importer. About four years later I had sown some seeds gathered from the type, and I obtained several double varieties, all sarmentose, but not any perpetual. From one of these, which is still in my garden, I gave some seed to M. J.B. Guillot, from which he obtained the first dwarf perpetual bloomer in 1872; this he sent out in 1875, and named it Paquerette. It is a free bloomer, double, and pure white. About the same time the late M. Ph. Rambaux had sown a great many seeds obtained from a plant which I gave him of the double-flowered white Polyantha, a different kind from the type, being yellowish white, and also bearing large trusses of flowers, but not perpetual. From this he obtained several dwarf seedlings, but not so dwarf as Paquerette. One of them was particularly remarkable, inasmuch as it had flowers larger than those of Paquerette, and pure white. It was named Anne Marie de Montravel. The double white Polyantha is not so much cultivated as it deserves to be.

Although I was the first to possess it, I cannot exactly state its origin; I cannot say whether it is a seedling of mine, or a sport from the type of which the plant has every appearance of being. Three years later, M. J.B. Guillot obtained another variety, which he sent out, in 1881, under the name of Mignonette. This is also very dwarf and a free bloomer. In colour it is a light rose, and fine in shape. In the same year also appeared Polyantha Cécile Brunner, a seedling of the late M. Ducher from the type, crossed by Tea Rose Souvenir d'un Ami. The flowers of this are good in shape, and of a delicate rose colour slightly tinted with yellow. In 1883, M. Joseph Schwartz sent out a dwarf perpetual Polyantha, under the name of Jeanne Drivon. Its parentage is not, however, exactly known, because it was discovered amongst a great many seedlings of various origin. Its flower are white, slightly edged with pink, and good in shape. In the same year M. F. Dubreuil, son-in-law of the late M. Ph. Rambeaux, sent out Perle d'Or, a splendid acquisition; also a seedling from the double white Polyantha, but of a good yellow colour. The plant is also very dwarf and an abundant bloomer. Last year M. Alégatière sent out Miniature, the result of seeds sown in 1882. These were gathered from various bushes, offsprings of the type. Its flowers are small, but very numerous and pretty; they are a very light rose edged with a darker tint, and are nearly always to be found in bloom. This year M. F. Dubreuil sent out another seedling of the double white Polyantha, under the name of Floribunda. This has flowers of a rosy tint, fine in shape and freely produced.

The greatest merit belonging to the Polyantha Rose is that it is very hardy. It has withstood in my garden, for about twenty years, our most severe winters; in 1871 we have 24° zero centigrade. Moreover, it throws up no suckers, like the Manetti and Brier, and therefore it is recommended as the best stock on which to graft other varieties. Jean Sisley. Monplaisir, Lyons.