Gazophylacium Naturae et Artis (1702-1706)
James Petiver

Petiv. gaz. 56. t. 35. f. 11.

11. Rosa CHUSAN. glabra, Juniperi fructu. This Rose I have received both from Chusan and China, but not with Fruit, till Dr Sloan was pleas'd to give it to me.

This is identified as R. cymosa Tratt (= R. microcarpa Lindl.) It is distinguished from the allied R. banksiae by the compound inflorescence.

However, it is possible that R. multiflora was intended. The fact that Petiver received specimens from more than one location, and presumably from port cities, they were likely taken from cultivated plants. The lack of fruit would be expected from double-flowered varieties.

Loureiro (1790) described the flowers of R. indica L. as "ruber, sub-plenus, inodorus." This agrees, well enough, with Plukenet's "floribus purpureis parvis," and Burman's (1768) "floribus simplicibus & plenis intense purpureis".

Zhoushan, also known as Chusan, city in Zhejiang, China

Linnaeus 1753
9. ROSA subinermis, foliolis quinis subtus tomentosis: impari majori, stipulis obsoletis.

Rami inermes; radius armati una alterave spina tenuissima versus folia vel in petioles. Folia pinnata: Foliolis quinis, subtus tomentosis, supra glabras, serratis: extimo duplo majore. Pedunculi longi, nudi, simplices. Calyx incisus, laevis. Fructus magnitude Sorbi aucupariae. Species Rosarum difficile distiguuntur, difficilius determinantur; mihi videtur naturam miscuisse plures vel lusu ex uno plures formasse; hinc qui paucas vidit species facilius eas distinguit, quam qui pluret examinavit.