The Florist and Pomologist, pp. 200-201 (1851)

Observations on the Culture of Roses in Pots. By William Paul. Second edition, pp. 43. London, Piper.

On the vexed subject of Yellow Roses, Mr. Paul says: "Since the first edition of this little work was penned, Yellow Roses have become a special branch of culture. Separate prizes have been offered for them by the London Horticultural and Royal Botanic Societies. But what are Yellow Roses? This question provoked some discussion in the pages of the Gardeners' Journal last year, through the withholding of a prize by the Royal Botanic Society. To prevent any misconception at future exhibitions, that Society has named the varieties considered eligible for competition. Let us reproduce them here:

Yellow Banksiae   Narcisse (Tea-scented)
Single Yellow (Austrian)   Smithii or Smith's Yellow (ditto)
Williams's Double Yellow (ditto)   Pauline Plantier (ditto)
Harrisonii (ditto)   Queen Victoria or Princesse Adelaide (ditto)
Persian Yellow (ditto)   Vicomtesse de Cazes (ditto)
Old Double Yellow (Sulphurea)   Jaune, or Yellow China (ditto)
Cloth of Gold (Noisette)   Sulphurea superba (ditto)
Solfatene (ditto)    
Le Pactole (ditto)    

"We proceed to analyse this group. The first on the list — the Yellow Banksiae — is a pretty enough Rose, with small flowers produced in clusters. It may be grown well in a soil composed of equal parts of loam, peat, and leaf-mould. It requires but little pruning: the mere tips of the shoots may be taken off. Spiral training is recommended as the most suitable. The succeeding five varieties are nearly allied in nature, and may be grown in a soil similar to the last. Manure is here positively objectionable; but the addition of sand unless the peat or loam be sandy, will prove advantageous. Very little pruning is necessary: some of the shoots may be cut out entirely; the others have their mere ends taken off. If grown on their own roots, they may be trained as globular or columnar bushes; if grown on stems, the branches may be drawn downwards in the form of a Weeping Rose. The two next in order — Cloth of Gold and Solfaterre — are of vigorous growth, producing large flowers of great beauty. Both are shy bloomers, especially the former. The same soil as recommended for Pot-Roses in general may be used for these varieties. Little pruning is necessary, and spiral training is recommended. Seven out of the remaining eight varieties belong to the Tea-scented, and the whole require a rich soil and close pruning. The most advantageous systems of training are the round bush or the pyramid. Were this group to be viewed critically, it might be said they are not all 'purely yellow.' It might also be said there are kinds excluded which have as just a right to the appellation of 'yellow' as they. But when it is considered that the declension from yellow to white and buff is so gradual that it is scarcely possible to fix the line of demarcation, and that a list of sixteen varieties is given from which to select six, these points of criticism are hardly tenable. If none others are allowed to be exhibited, or none whose flowers are less yellow when brought to the exhibition-tables than those of the sixteen above enumerated, the practical utility of the arrangement will soon become apparent."

Yellow China Roses Timeline

Rose lists