Sulphurea Superba vs. Yellow

'Sulphurea Superba' appears to be the popular name for Parks' yellow China rose, Lindley's Rosa indica var. ochroleuca. It is important to note that Parks' rose was not tea-scented, and resembled Odorata only in that both were slower growing than R. indica (Old Blush). 'Yellow' (or Flavescens, Lutescens, Lutea, Jaune) was a self-seedling of the Tea-scented China rose. Of course it resembled its parent in its flowers, shining leaves and growth habit.

The Floricultural Cabinet and Florists' Magazine vol. 3. page 271 (Dec 1, 1835)
Thomas Rivers, Jr. (catalog)

CHINA ROSES, (Rosa indica.)
Sulphurea superba — pale sulphur — cupped, very large
and double
  TEA SCENTED CHINA ROSES, (Rosa indica odorate.)
Yellow — pale sulphur cupped, — large and semi-dble

Rose Amateur's Guide (1837)
Thomas Rivers, Jr.

p. 72. Sulphurea superba is a fine and very double variety of the yellow Chinese or Tea Rose: its flowers are large, rather flat, and quite unique.
[CybeRose Note: Despite this comment, Rivers placed 'Sulphurea superba' with the Chinas, not with the Tea-scented.]
  p. 76. The yellow Tea or yellow Chinese Rose, for they are one and the same, is placed here, as it has decidedly more of the habit and appearance of the Tea-scented Rose than of the Chinese: its smooth glossy leaves and faint odour of tea sufficiently show its affinity.
p. 93. China Roses
Sulphurea superba
  Tea-scented Roses

The Flower-Garden: Containing Directions for the Cultivation of All Garden Flowers, p. 440 (1838)

China Rose—(Rosa Indica)
Sulphurea Superbe, pale sulphur, very large, double and cupped
  Tea-scented Roses—(Rosa Indica odorata)
Yellow, pale sulphur, large, half-double and cupped

The Floricultural Cabinet and Florist's Magazine 10: 140-141 (June 1842)

Roses.—Messrs. Lane and Son exhibited a large and beautiful collection of Roses, which at this early period was much admired; the collection consisted of the following kinds:

China: Nouvelle Héloise, Gabrielle, Victoire d'Aumay, Rubens, Eugenie Hardie, Cramoisie eblouissante, Eugene Beauharnais, Abbé Moiland, Cramoisie superieure, Belle de Florence, Nemesis, Louis Philippe, Sulphurea superba, Triomphant, Miellez, Assereus, Carmin Desprez, Augustine Hersent, La Camoens, Joseph Deschiens, Madame Fries-Morel, Caroline de Berri, Majorlim du Luxemburg, Laurestine.   Teas: Comte d'Osmont, Bougere, Charles Reyband, Bells Allemande, Abricote, William Wallace, Hardy, Eliza Sauvage, Devoniensis, Multiflora, Taglioni, Princess de Mecklenburg, Goubalt, La Renommée, Triomphe de Flore, Yellow, Comte de Paris, Besnor, Princesse Helene, Eugenie Jovin, D'Yebles, Marshal Vallée, Hamon, Nestor, Solomon, Leveson Gower, Mac Carthy, Strombio. Prize, large Silver Medal.

The Gardener and Practical Florist, Volume 2. page 257 (1843)
George Glenny, F.H.S.

CHINESE ROSES: Alcine, Archduke Charles, Carmin Superbe, Countesse de Molore, Cramoisie Superieure, Desfontaines Fabvier, Jenny Colon, Madame Bureau, Miellez, Napoleon, and Sulphurea Superba   TEA-SCENTED CHINESE ROSES: Belle Alamande, Comte de Paris, Devoniensis, Eliza Sauvage, Fragoletta, Gigantesque, Nina, Pactolus, Safrano, Smith's Yellow Noisette, Triomphe du Luxunburg, and Yellow China.

Gardeners' Chronicle, p. 407 (1844)

Among private growers, Mr. Milne, gr. to C. S. Chancey, Esq., had very fine specimens of the following varieties:— Parry, Rivers's Superb Tuscany, Adonis, Yellow Noisette, Glory of France, Sulphurea Superba, Noisette Lamarque, and Eugene Barbot.

Catalogue of Roses, 13-15 (1845)
Samuel Walker, Boston

42 Sulphurea superba — cup. — pale sulphur, large, double.
85 Yellow — cup. — straw, very large.

The Floricultural Cabinet and Florists' Magazine 16: 179 (July 1848)

Royal Botanic Society's Exhibition.
The second for the season was held in the garden at the Inner Circle, Regent's Park, on June 14th. [...]
For the best collection of Yellow Roses: 1st, to Messrs. Lane and Son, for La Pactole, Clara Wendell, Eliza Sauvage, Vicomtesse de Cazes, Ne Plus Ultra, Smith's Yellow, Comte d'Osmont, Sulphurea Superb, Barbot, and Persian Yellow.

The Rose Garden, Division II, p. 131 (1848)
William Paul

Group XXXIII.—The Chinese, or Monthly Rose
48. SULPHUREA SUPERBA; flowers sulphur, large; form, cupped
  Group XXXV.—The Tea-Scented Rose
145. YELLOW: (Flavescens, Jaune) flowers sulphur colored, large and double; form, globular. The petals of this Rose are very large, the buds long and beautiful in a half-expanded state.

The Florist and Pomologist, pp. 200-201 (1851)
Observations on the Culture of Roses in Pots. By William Paul. Second edition, pp. 43. London, Piper.

Sulphurea superba   Jaune, or Yellow China

The Flower, Fruit and Kitchen Garden: p. 275 (1854)

Mr. Francis gives the following as the result of his experience in the cultivation of roses: ... In protecting roses, some past severe winters have fully proved the necessity for protecting all the tea kinds, with many many of the Chinas, such as Sulphurea superba, Infidelities de Lisette, Alexina, &c.

The Rose: Its History, Poetry, Culture, and Classification, p. 298 (1860)
Samuel Bowne Parsons

994 Smithii, Smith's Yellow, Lutea N. glob Straw, with lemon centre, large and fragrant.
1001 Sulphurea superba B. cup. Pale sulphur, large.
1041 Yellow Tea, Flavescens, Yellow China T. cup. Straw color, large

B = Bengal; T = Tea; N = Noisette

Parks' Yellow Scented Rose vs. Knight's Yellow China

Yellow China "Debate"