The whole art and trade of husbandry (1614) book 2, pp. 64-65
Barnaby Googe, Esq.

THRASIUS, Loe, yonder are Roses growing in Borders, and made in a maze: doe they grow of the seede, or of the set?

MARIUS, Roses, called in Latine Rosa, and in other languages as in Latine, are diversly planted, sometime of the rootes, sometime of the braunches, being cut in small sets, and planted a foote asunder. Some wreathe them in Garlands, and so set them to have them smell the pleasanter. The use of sowing of them is best: how be it, they will very well grow of the seede, though it be long ere they spring, and therefore they set them of sets a foote in length, it neither delighteth in rich nor moist ground, but is well contented to grow amongst rubbish, and under walles. The place where they must grow must be digged deeper then Corne ground, and not so deepe as the Vineyard: the Rose is rather a Thorne than a plant, and groweth upon the very brambles: it commeth first out in a little budde and long sharpe beard, which after they be opened, it dicloseth it selfe and spreadeth abroad, with a yellow hairie tuske in the midst. Plinie maketh mention of sundry sorts of them: one sort he calleth Milesia, having an Orient and fiery colour, an other Alabandica, with white leaves, and Spermonia, the basest sort of all: the Damaske and the White, are used for sweet waters: they differ in roughnes, prickles, colour and smell. There are that have but onely five leaves, and others with an hundred leaves, neither good in beauty nor smell: the roughness of the rinde (as Plinie sayth) is a signe of the savour. There are some little pale ones, called Carnation and Provincars, these doe wonderfully grow where they once are planted, and have a most excellent savour. Roses are used to be set in February, which is either done with the seed, or the set planted in little Furrowes. The seedes (as Paladius sayth) are not the little yellow things in the midst of the Rose, but the graines that grow within the red riped Berry: the ripenes whereof is deemed by the swarthinesse and the softnesse of the berrie: where they once are planted, they continue long, and after they die, they send out new buds and springs. If you lacke sets, and would of a few have a great number, take the braunches that begin as it were, to shew their buds, and cutting them in sundry sets, foure or five fingers in length, set them in good ground well dunged and watered: and when they be of a yeeres growth, take them up, and set them a foote asunder, proine them and trimme them with often digging about them. Roses must still be cut, for the more you cut them, the thicker and the doubler they grow, otherwise they will ware single and wilde, it will also doe them good some time to burne them: being removed, it springeth very soone and well, being set of sets foure fingers long and more, after the setting of the seaven Starres, and after removed in a Westerly winde, and set a foote asunder, and often digged. The old Rosyars must have the earth loosed about them in February, and the dead twigges cut off, and where they ware thinne, they must be repayred with the young springes. To have Roses of five sundry colours upon one roote, make when they begin to burgen, a fine hole beneath in the stocke under the joynt, & fill it with red colour made of Brasell [brazilwood] sod in water, and thrust it in with a cloath, and in the like sort put into another part of the stocke greene colour, and in an other yellow, and what other colours you will, & cover the holes wel with Oxe doung & Lome, or very good earth. If you will have your Roses beare betimes, make a little trench of two hand bredths round about it, and poure in hot water twise a day, and thus doing, (as Democritus promiseth) you shall have Roses in January. You may preserve Roses before they open, if making a slit in a Reede, you enclose the blossome, and when you would have fresh Roses, take them out of the Reedes: others put them in Earthen Pots close covered, and set them abroad: the Roses continue alwaies fresh that are dipt in the Dregges of Oyle. If you will have them at all times, you must set them every moneth, and dung them, and so (as Didymus saith) you shall have them continually. To cause them, or any other flowres to grow double, put two or three of the seeds in a Wheat straw, and so lay them in the ground. If you set Garlicke by your Roses, they will be the sweeter: the dryer the ground is where they grow, the sweeter they will be, as appeareth by the season of the yeere, for some yeeres they are sweeter then others: the Rose will be white, that is smoaked with Brimstone, when it beginneth to open: amongst all Roses, those are most to be commended, that they call Carnations and Provincials. The Oyle of Roses was greatly had in estimation even in Homer his time, and at this day the Vinegar of Roses is greatly used.

Rose lists