A Treatise of Fruit-trees, 2nd Edition (1657)
Ralph Austen

Observations upon some part of Sr. Fran. Bacons Naturall History
the V. Century

p. 5-6

Experiments touching the putting back, or Retardatian of germination.

Experiment 413. To make Roses come late. First, cut them after bearing.

Observation. This may be a meanes as to some Rose-trees, such as are old: I have knowne some of long standing, perhaps a dozen, sixteen, or twenty yeares of age, and some of seaven, or eight yeares, (cut newly after bearing) have borne Roses againe, a second time, late in the yeare, being cut the next full moone, after they have done bearing; but there is a kind I have (amongst many other kinds) which naturally beares a second time, although the tree be but small and young; besides the Rose called the Monthly Rose.

Experiment 414. Secondly, Pulling off the buds of the Roses that first spring forth.

Observation. I have try'd this second way, which succeeded not, it may be, because the trees were young; but one affirmed he pluckt off some Buds in the spring, and the tree bore Roses in November.

p. 29

Experiment 570. Whites are more inodorate (for the most part) then Flowers of the same kind Coloured: etc.

Observation. I conceive this Experiment was not thoroughly weighed, and try'd: for to my Observation white Flowers, have (generally) as much smell, as those Coloured: to instance in the white Rose, the ordinary kind, and the White Musk Rose, I suppose they have as much smell (especially the Musk Rose) as Red Roses, or Provosts, or Velvet, or Marble, and some other coloured kinds yea and more too:

p. 37

Experiment 579. There be fruits, (but rarely,) that come twice a yeare, As some Pears, strawberries &c. And it seemeth they are such, as abound with Nourishment; Whereby after one Period, before the Sunne waxeth too weak, they can endure another. The Violets also, amongst Flowers, commeth twice a Yeare; Especially the Double White; And that also is a Plant full of Moisture. Roses beare twice, but it is not without Cutting.

Observation. The Winsor Peare-tree does blossom and bear fruits twice in the yeare, some yeares: but the second bearing I could never see worth the gathering, for they are poore, small, hard fruits, not worth any thing.

I have seen Cherries twice in the year upon one and the same tree, An early Flanders, which I set upon a very warme southwall, bore ripe Cherries about the twenteth of May, And the same tree bore a couple of ripe Cherries afterwards, the one about the sixth of October, the other a fortnight after.

Strawberries ordinarily beare twice a yeare, though but few the second time. As for Rose-trees, some damask Roses, and some Provosts beare a second time, the same yeare, though but few, if cut soone after the first bearing in the full Moone. But besides there is a Rose-tree, called the Monthly Rose, which beares Roses untill the coldness of the winter stop it, about November.

Rose lists