Annals of Horticulture, Volume 5 pp. 497-498 (1851)

Tea-scented Roses China Roses

These are so named from their possessing more or less the scent of green tea.

  1. Adam, blush rose.
  2. Comte de Paris, pale rosy blush.
  3. Caroline, rose.
  4. Devoniensis, straw, buff centre.
  5. Elisa Sauvage, sulphur, orange centre.
  6. Eugenie Desgaches, bright pale rose.
  7. Goubault, bright rose.
  8. Josephine Malton, shaded white.
  9. Julie Mansais, white, lemon centre.
  10. La Sylphide, pale blush.
  11. Moiret, rose, deep fawn centre.
  12. Niphetos, pale lemon, sometimes pure white.
  13. Grandiflora, deep pink.
  14. Hamon, bright pink and buff.
  15. Odorata, blush.
  16. Buret, bright deep crimson.
  17. Safrano, bright fawn colour.
  18. Vicomtesse de Cazes, yellow, deep orange centre.
  19. Yellow, or Yellow China, sulphury yellow.
Nos. 1 to 12 are fine show roses, that open their flowers without being deformed; they have all good double flowers and firm petals. As standards, on two to three feet stems, they are very handsome; 13 to 15 are worth growing for their fine scent; the flowers are loose when fully blown, but the buds the day before fully blown are very highly scented; 16 has the tea scent only in a slight degree, but its deep colour makes it desirable; 17 and 18 require to be grown in the open air, or the colours are pale and insipid; they are very fine as standards; 17 being a vigorous grower, and 18, will grow well as standards, but in dry seasons they only make short shoots; 19 is the old Yellow China, which is too well known to need any comment. If grown as standards, the tea-scented roses require protection in winter, for as they are continually growing, they are very liable to be injured. The best way is to take them up, and lay them in a bed, in a slanting direction with their heads to the north; they may be laid very thickly in rows across a bed, with their heads almost touching the ground, and the roots just covered, and when the bed is full, some sticks should be bent over the whole for mats to rest upon; they may then easily be covered when they require it, which is only during frosty weather. In this way, a dozen mats cover a bed containing about 400 plants. In very severe weather, say 20 or 25 degrees of frost, it is advisable to throw a little litter over the mats, unless there is snow. They are planted again some time between the middle of March and the beginning of April, as the season may be early or late. Dwarfs on their own roots, planted close to a south wall, stand the winter well, if a little mulching is laid about the roots and over the ground; should they get covered with insects so as to stop their growing, cut them down, and they will soon grow up again from their base, and flower fine during the latter part of the summer and autumn. In pruning, leave about three or four eyes, and cut out the old weak wood. For six distinct varieties, take Nos. 1, 4, 5, 8, 11, and 12. Except 13, 14, 15, 17, and 18, they all make fine roses for pots or planting in the conservatory.
  1. Cameleon, very dark velvety crimson, and sometimes rose, very changeable.
  2. Cramoisie Superieure, bright deep velvety crimson.
  3. Eugene Hardy, creamy pale blush.
  4. Lorrainii, pale waxy rose.
  5. Marjolin du Luxembourg, deep velvety crimson.
  6. Madame Bréon, brilliant rose.
  7. Mrs. Bosanquet, pale waxy flesh colour.
No. 1 is like the old common blush China in growth, and worth planting with that variety; 2 is a very great improvement on the old dark China; for a bed by itself or for pots, it is most beautiful; 3, 6, and 7, would also make good beds on their own roots, either separately or mixed; 5 is a large rose of this class, a good one for pots, or to plant against a wall; 4 is only fit for pots, being a shy grower, but is very handsome in flower; 7 ought to be in every collection, it is suitable for standards or dwarfs, or any intermediate height; 2, 3, and 6, make neat standards of from two to three feet, and require the same treatment as recommended for the tea-scented varieties; 1 and 7 arc about as hardy as the common China. None of this class have more scent than the common China.

Rose lists