The Gardener's Monthly and Horticulturist, 24: 342-343 (Nov 1882)

"It is well known in hybridizing, that the female parent may be exactly reproduced though under the influence of pollen very unlike its own. This was proved especially by the experience of Mr. Francis Parkman among lilies; Lilium Parkmanni being the only remarkable departure from the female type. There is probably no reason why the inverse might not be true —that is the female wholly reproducing the male form, and this experience with the rose points that way.—Ed. G. M."

The above, from Gardener's Monthly, 1882, page 311, reminds me of a bit of my own experience which is given below from the Rural New Yorker, of August 12, page 537.

"In this connection we beg to narrate a bit of experience which may interest botanists who have been engaged in crossing flowers. Four years ago we raised several plants from the seeds of Hibiscus Moscheutos, the Swamp Rose Mallow. As soon as the buds matured sufficiently to bear it, the petals were unfolded and the anthers very carefully cutoff and brushed out with a camel's-hair brush while yet they were quite green. Pollen from the Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus Syriacus) in liberal quantities was a little later applied to the stigmas. Not less than fifty buds were so treated, while every other bud not so emasculated was cut off as soon as formed. Now it should appear that any seeds that formed in the manipulated flowers, were the result of hybridization between H. Moscheutos and H. Syriacus. Seeds matured so abundantly that the work was repeated with, if possible, additional care, only to give the same results. From these seeds we raised about one hundred plants, in the house the following winter, about twenty-five of which were planted out of doors in the spring. All of them bloomed, but neither in bloom, stem or in leaf was there or is there (we have still a dozen of the plants) the slightest variation from Hibiscus Moscheutos."

During two seasons past, I have spent much time in crossing wheats. I have been very careful to remove the three anthers from each flower while yet they were immature. Whenever they (the anthers) showed a tint of yellow, an evidence of approaching maturity, I have destroyed the anthers. Nevertheless seventy-five per cent, of the heads from plants raised from this crossed seed could not be distinguished from those of the mother plant.

I trouble you in this matter to give some evidence of the potency of the female over the male parent.

Hibiscus biblio