Floricultural Cabinet 18(43): 162-164 (July 1850)
On late flowering and early forcing Pelargoniums (Geraniums)

Tom Thumb's Bride
The charming variety we now figure was raised by Mr. Salter, of Versailles Nursery, Hammersmith, from a seed obtained from Lucia-rosea, which had been impregnated by one of the dwarf scarlets. The plant is of dwarf habit, compact, and a profuse bloomer.

MR. H. ROSIER, of Brookland's Nursery, Blackheath, writes in the Magazine of Botany for June 8th, “that if cuttings of Geraniums (Pelargoniums) which have been forced and the wood partially ripened, be put off by the middle of June, and as soon as rooted, potted off into 3 or 4-inch (diameter across the mouth) pots, and treated as follows,

they make fine vigorous plants for autumn flowering and early spring forcing, and adorn the conservatory, greenhouse, &c., through the winter and spring months. When the plants have got well established in the small pots, and are about six inches high, the leads are stopped, to induce side shoots. After these have pushed a little, the plants are re-potted into larger pots, in a rich compost of equal parts of turfy loam, peat, and old rotten cow-dung or horse-dung, with a good portion of silver or river sand. The potting may be repeated in the autumn for spring-blooming plants, but the winter blooming ones do not then require it. When the shoots are somewhat numerous, the weakest are cut away to invigorate those remaining. Fancy kinds of Geraniums being rather delicate, require more drainage: broken pieces of charred cow-dung, placed upon the crock, is highly beneficial to the plants. The plants are placed out doors, and occasionally moved to prevent the roots penetrating the subsoil. When taken into the house, they are placed as near the glass as possible; it prevents them from being drawn. For the forcing, put in the first lot of plants in January; a moderate heat at first, and increase gradually till the flower buds appear.

“The best kinds for blooming in autumn, being free flowering and strong growers, are, Forget-me-Not (Lyne), a fine high-coloured flower, and one which will be found to give satisfaction to all who grow it; it will also force well in the spring. Meteor (Beck), a showy flower, and well adapted for late purposes. Negress, a dark flower, and very free; also adapted for spring forcing. Sultana, or Perpetual, of dwarf close habit, and free flowering. Gauntlet, a fine large bright flower; also well adapted for early spring forcing, as it will stand a very high temperature without going blind. Selina, a bright red, and beautiful variety; this is also well adapted for early spring forcing, Lady Mary Fox, a bright red; this, with a little warmth, will be found to flower all through the winter, and, as a bouquet flower, is most desirable; it will be found a beautiful bedding plant, if cultivated to that end, being a most profuse bloomer. Quercifolia superba, a bright scarlet flowered oak-leaved variety; this will force well, and is invaluable for bedding purposes. Duke of Cornwall, an established favourite of fine high colour, and good trusser; this may be forced successfully with the second crop in spring. Mrs. Johnson (Dennis), a flesh colour, and most profuse bloomer; will be found to contrast well with the other colours. Laneii, a variety which should be grown by all who require winter flowers, as it will flower through the whole of the winter, and stand a high temperature in the spring. When the beauty of the plants is not so much an object as the flowers, they should not be cut down, or re-potted, when housed, which should be done early in the autumn. Top dress the pots, and pick out all dead flowers, decaying, and superfluous leaves. A few of the fancy varieties should also be selected. The following will be found distinct and free bloomers: Anais, Jenny Lind, Fairy Queen, Queen Superb, Statiaski, and Sidonia. The following, for early forcing, will stand the most fire heat: Admiral Napier, red; Alba multiflora, white; Surpass Admiral Napier, red; to be followed by General Washington, red; and Colleyanum, purple; with such others as I have enumerated above. Scarlets must not be neglected, and the following, I think, will be well adapted:—Gem (Ayres); this will stand a high temperature, and throw fine trusses; Queen, or Perpetual; Royal Dwarf; and Compactum.


Geraniums / Pelargoniums