Rome Beauty Apple

American Horticultural Manual Vol 2 (1902)

Magazine of Horticulture 22: 130 (March 1856)
Ohio Pomological Society
Rome Beauty.—A large, fine, showy apple; good bearer; trees of slender growth; derived its name from Rome, Lawrence county, its place of origin; healthy tree, handsome and of upright growth; recommended by some for general cultivation.

Ohio State Board of Agriculture Report for 1855, 10: 171 (1856)
The Rome Beauty Apple, for instance, which originated in this Quaker bottom some 37 years ago, is now fast superceding all others as a profitable market apple, being one of the largest, handsomest, and decidedly the most productive sorts in the country, and commands a better price in market than any other sort.

Ohio Cultivator 3(1): 182 (1848)
Fruits in Southern Ohio
The Rome Beauty, a seedling of which no doubt you have often heard, and of which, I believe, both Washington and Lawrence claim the origin, is extensively grown here, and is esteemed, taking every thing into consideration, and one of our best winter apples. The tree grows rapidly and bears young, but when full grown is only of medium size. It is a good bearer, and while the tree is kept in vigorous growth and well pruned, the fruit is large, handsome, and well flavored, but, otherwise, the fruit is destitute of both flavor and beauty. Experience has show that, for long keeping apples, this section of the State must rely principally upon kinds which have had their origin here, or further south.

Western Farmer and Gardener, 2: 153, 168 (1846)
S. A. Barker
p. 153
In your last number you published an extract from my letter of the 28th ult. respecting the Bracken and other apples. It is always my desire to give honor or credit to whom it is due. Had those remarks been intended for publication, I should have given to Mr. William Pitt Putnam of Belpre, Washington county, the credit of having discovered the Bracken (sometimes called Breckredge) apple, in Bracken county, Kentucky, in an orchard of seedling apple trees, and of having introduced it to the notice of the cultivators of the apple, at and about Marietta; and to Judge Joseph Barker, the credit of having communicated these facts to me; and also the fact that the Rome Beauty or Gillet, is a seedling taken from the nursery of Israel Putnam, late of Union township, Washington county, about twenty years since, and is now extensively cultivated along the Ohio River. It goes safely to New Orleans, and there commands a better price than any apple sent from Marietta or its vicinity. Judge Barker is an extensive cultivator and shipper of apples, and is the only person, as he believes, who has the Rowland's Keeper in bearing, except Mr. Rowland, the owner of the original seedling tree. This apple is a large green, and keeps well till May.
p. 168
The Gillet's Seedling, originated in this township, (Rome) and is frequently called Rome Beauty; is a very vigorous grower; a very young, constant, and profuse bearer, and will, perhaps, pay better than any other sort, though not equal to many other varieties in point of flavor.

American Horticultural Manual Vol 2 (1902)
J. L. Budd
Rome Beauty
Originated in southern Ohio by H. N. Gillett; tree moderate grower, round-headed, very productive, an early bearer, blooms late.
    Fruit large, roundish oblate, sometimes slightly conical; surface smooth, pale yellow, mostly covered with mixed bright red, striped and splashed, a beautiful fruit; dots distinct, many, russet, rather large; cavity wide, obtuse, wavy, lined with greenish russet; stem medium; basin abrupt, smooth, rather shallow; calyx closed; segments erect convergent. Core closed, meeting; cells obovate, entire; tube broad, funnel-shaped; stamens median; seeds long, plump, pointed; flesh yellow, coarse-grained, tender, juicy, sprightly subacid, good. Early winter.