Tilton's Journal of Horticulture 3: 307 (May 1868)


Dr. Regel describes a new method of grafting as practised by Herr Freundlich, one of the Russian court-gardeners, with remarkable success. Instead of taking the scions from the previous year's wood, with the bud just beginning to swell, the still soft, growing, lateral shoots are selected, when from half to one and a half inches long, and either bark or tongue grafted; care being taken not to draw the ligature too tight, as they swell much more rapidly than hardwood scions. Success, he says, is certain, if care be taken that the sap of the stock is in motion at the time the operation is performed. He recommends this mode as superior to all others, especially for hard-wooded trees, such as oaks and beeches, which are usually difficult to propagate from the old wood. New roses, and other plants which it is desirable to increase as rapidly as possible, may also be advantageously worked in the same manner.

CybeRose note: This looks like the method Liger (1706) discussed for the "strip'd rose":

The Species is propagated Scutcheon-wise, either with Dormant or a shooting Eye, the First never failing to Flower the next Year, and the Second in the Autumn of the same Year. These Two Ways of Propagation are better liked than that of the Branches with the Roots split, which are always Two or Three Years before they produce any Flowers.