Annual Report of the Secretary of the State Horticultural Society 10: 327 (1880)

STOCK AND GRAFT

As breeders improve animals by breeding "in-and-in," so, no doubt, varieties of fruits may have their faults reduced, and better qualities increased by grafting in-and-in on suitable stocks. An experimenter used to be very careful where he cut grafts of the Fallawater, for of two trees in the orchard bearing it, one was an Autumn sweet, and on that, the apples ripened and colored up in the fall, looking then like a different apple from the green, hard fruit on the other tree. These were finer and fairer, having a longer season of growth, and would keep till April. Mr. Talbot reported to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society a curious transformation of the Hightop Sweet through being grafted on the Red Astrachan. The fruit passed for Astrachans at the exhibition, having assumed their color and figure; and the judges were only undeceived by finding them as sweet to the taste as the original Hightop. Mr. W. Weston, of Winthrop, originated—so to say—an acid variation of the Porter, by grafting it on a vigorous tree which bore large and very sour fruit. The new strain is called the Cook's Favorite, and, no doubt, very fitly, for the typical Porter, while unsurpassed in its season as a high-flavored, handsome dessert apple, is equally admirable for cooking. It is the Spitzenburg of its season.—N. Y. Tribune.