New England Farmer 7(39): 309 (April 17, 1829)
GRAFTING CHERRY TREES
 J. W.
Weston, March 20,
1829

MR FESSENDEN—I do not recollect that any person has described in your paper the best mode of grafting cherry trees. I have a mode, but do not know whether it is the best, and wish to know if any one has a better.

Cherry and plum trees are alike difficult to graft on, as the bark does not split freely, but tears like cloth. In the spring of 1825, I procured many kinds of plum scions of Capt. Hyde, of Newton, which I set in March. Scarcely one has failed; and all kinds have borne except the Canada plum. I also grafted many cherries, which took and lived well. Last spring I had about nine trees, headed and grafted. The scions all lived and did well, except two trees, the scions for which were cut 4 or 5 days before using. Of these none lived. The scions of cherries, like twigs for budding, ought to be cut the day they are used. I have the Tartareans, Oxhearts, &c. growing on wild cherries, both the black and red stocks.

My method of grafting is this. Take clay, prepared as for all other kinds of grafting. Then proceed in the same manner as in other cleft grafting on the heads or stocks of cherry trees, using a wide thin shoe knife; which drive down as far as it is intended that the scion shall go. This cuts the bark smooth. The clay must be bound on with rags or tow, or it will become wet, freeze, crack, and crumble off, and then death is the portion of the scion. The knife must be wide, thin, and sharp for grafting plum or cherry trees; and the clay kept bound on tight and snug. This being done, and done in season, scions are as sure on cherry trees as on the apple tree.

Last spring I grafted my cherry trees the 15th of March. Then it was so cool I had to warm the clay in a kettle over the fire, and use a furnace to warm water over. I related the above manner of grafting to Capt. Francis A. Pickering. He sent for scions, and followed my directions in grafting the small, low, wild, sour, red cherries. He told me afterwards that they lived as well as apple. scions. Wild cherry tree stocks should be grafted at the ground.

I have peaches, apricots, and mulberries, grafted on plum stocks. I had pears growing on the hazle, or hop hornbine tree [Leverwood, Ostrya virginiana], but by misfortune, they were destroyed. I intend bringing some scions I have never seen advertised, viz. The Warren apple is a large, juicy, good apple, and I trust but little known to any distance. It is the most prolific apple here, bears well on poor soils, and bears yearly. It is a large, green, flat, juicy apple, and keeps till January. It has a branchy top, and must not be grafted at the ground. The Mackay Sweeting is of all the largest sweet apple for winter, nearly twice as large as the Baldwin, and of an orange color. The Mammoth Spice is larger than the Robust Greening, a good bearer, of a beautiful dark striped red, a fall apple. The Star Sweeting is of an orange color, about the size of the Baldwin, ripe soon after the Sopsavines [Sops-of-Wine], and a good bearer. Roberts Well apple is larger than the Baldwin, surpasses it in beauty, and keeps much longer.

Much can be done in beautifying the colors of fruit, by combining nature and art to make a brilliant red Baldwin, the scions should be set in trees that bear red apples; a green or yellow apple tree stock diminishes its beauty, but red tends to beautify the colors of the Baldwin. I have seen scions taken from one tree, and set in pale green, and red tree stocks. The apples they produced bore no resemblance to each other on these two trees. I have two trees near each other, the scions taken at Capt. Hyde's, all of the Robust Greenings; one was grafted in a green, crabbed, late apple, which bears a remarkably large apple, keeps till February; the other grafted into a small yellow sweet apple, very early. This produces yellowish green apples about the size of the Baldwin, ripe in October, and gone in November.— This proves that winter apples will not do well on early summer stocks.

Your friend and humble servant,  J. W.