Garden and Forest 9(437): 277 (July 8, 1896)

Perennial Peas.

EVERLASTING or Perennial Peas are capital garden subjects where low-growing or trailing vines are desired. They are mostly vigorous, making a rapid and strong growth each season and flower freely. The best known of these are varieties of Lathyrus latifolius, of which the pink and red forms are most common. The white variety, however, is the better; the flowers have perfect purity of color, but are not fragrant. These forms are grown from seed, which germinate too freely in the borders. The white variety does not always come true from seed, and is better propagated by the side-shoots, which may be torn off early in the year when the plants start, or it may be propagated from the old vines used as cuttings in the fall. There are named kinds with bright-colored flowers which have been selected and propagated, but L. rotundifolius (or Drummondii) is the best of the colored kinds. This is also a vigorous species with vines of about the same length as those of L. latifolius. The flowers, which have smaller standards than these, are of a pleasing garnet hue. It does not seed very freely. L. tuberosus is a small-leaved, fine-stemmed plant, desirable as a trailer, and has dark red flowers. The tuberous roots are perfectly hardy and the plants are inclined to wander in the border. The California Perennial Peas, Lathyrus splendens, L. bactiflorus, L. violacea and L. sulphureus, do not make much progress here, and as yet have not flowered. They are of thin rather delicate growth, but with slight protection may prove hardy, as those left outside survived last winter. Elizabeth, N.J.