Pomologia Britannica (1841) vol 1

John Lindley

THE BLACK TARTARIAN CHERRY

Black Tartarian Cherry Hort. Soc. Fruit Cat. p. 21.
Black Circassian Cherry Hooker's Pom. Lond. fol. 41.
Fraser's Black Tartarian of various Gardens.
Fraser's Black Heart
Black Heart
Superb Circassian
Ronalds' Black Russian

This Cherry is generally considered to have been brought into this country by the late Mr. John Fraser, from Russia. In the account given of it in the Pomona Londinensis, it is stated to have been introduced from Circassia, by Mr. Hugh Ronalds, of Brentford, in 1794. We have also heard it said that it originated in Spain, whence it was transmitted to the Russian Gardens, and through them into England.

It is a Cherry of great excellence, bearing well as a standard, but doing best on an east or west wall, on which its branches are usually loaded with a profusion of rich and handsome fruit. It has received in our Gardens a variety of names, of which those given here as synonyms are only a portion; but those which are omitted are readily referable to some of the, above.

WOOD vigorous. BRANCHES spreading, the bark of the young shoots light-coloured and spotted.

LEAVES large, pendulous, waved on the margin, evenly serrated, deep green; veins prominent beneath.

FLOWERS large; petals roundish oval, concave, and imbricating; stamens shorter than the styles.

FRUIT large, heart-shaped, with an uneven surface, and of a shining purplish black colour. FLESH purplish, juicy and rich. STONE middle-sized, roundish ovate.

The drawing was made in the Garden of the Horticultural Society.

Black Tartarian Bibliography