Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener and Country Gentleman n.s. 3: 288-290 (15 Jul 1862)
Donald Beaton

ANOTHER grand opportunity for proving that there is no place like home, all shows being more at home at the Crystal Palace than anywhere else. All judges and reporters say the same, and all the mothers of England with all their grown-up families ditto. And such Roses! but they were too high set by 10 inches or 12 inches for me and most like me in height. Whether it be that the authorities are getting higher in the world themselves, or of higher notions, I do not know; but this I do know, that I got a creak in my neck and a cold for having had to strain on a stretch of full four hours so far back off the centre of gravity as threw me off the balance for the next week, and, therefore, had more time at home to prepare the most useful report I ever made of Roses. But what ladies want, and, indeed, the great body of the people want, is a man like Mr. William Paul, the raiser of the Beauty of Waltham Rose, to take a season's selection, and class them as I have been endeavouring to do from merely seeing so many of them in one day, and to make two classes of my third class — that is, to bring in all the best rose-coloured Roses, as the Cabbage Rose, into one of them, and the red or reddish-crimson into the other. Then, if one had to plant ever so many kinds of Roses in long rows, or in beds of any shape, he could put the kinds in after what you might call their natural affinity — that is, shade the colours from pure white to the Black Prince himself, without one break in the affinity of tints, if they have such a property. Then you would get the effect in full of all the Rose can give.

Effect is the last thing thought of at a Rose show, because they muddle all the colours together in mixtures — "for the sake of variety," as they say; but I never could see the variety yet in a florist-setting. The greatest truth about Roses on that occasion was that nine-tenths of all new Roses now are dark, or very dark; and as England is on the eve of breeding her own Roses, and some for exportation as well, it is high time to give up breeding from any darker than General Jacqueminot. We have too many first-class dark Roses already, and too few of the Madame Furtado style and colour and of Baronne Prevost, the two nearest to the two oldest of our dear old Roses — the crimson Moss and the Cabbage Rose. Madame Furtado, with the accent on the u, or first syllable, is the very best of all the Roses in that old tint of colour; and if you could get it to seed here, and mind both sides of the line in the crossing — that is, the best light and white Roses to cross it with, and the best of the reds as well, you would soon have what the Frenchmen will never strive to furnish you with — all the shades of our summer Roses reproduced in Perpetuals, and of improved forms and textures to the bargain. To that it must come at last, or else we shall get into one circle of dark Roses from which it will not be easy by-and-by to extricate the breeder — a repetition, in fact, of the failure of fifty years back in running the gold, the silver, and the brass out of the wild breed of Geraniums, for then they were all Geraniums, compelling the breeder to run his course in a ring of bronze from which he cannot now help himself out. Just look at the number of my first and second groups of dark Roses from one show, and then say if all the shows were in one, and all the dark Roses in it, what a bulk they would make, and who could buy them; or if they did buy them, of what use could so many kinds be to most people. One could tell the best Rose of all those, or the best six, or best dozen, and one could divide them into three distinct shades also; but all that would be of no practical use, as I could only do it from what was before me, and not from practice in growing them. Madame Furtado, shaped like Baronne Prevost, and a much deeper red, is a firet-class Rose in this group; so is Charles Lawson, Madame Crapelet, Jules Margottin, Pauline Lanzezeur, and many more of them. A lot of them on their own roots in half clay and half cocoa-nut refuse, with 2 inches of old cowdung put over the border in April, and then covered like one of Sir Joseph Paxton's Vine-borders with an inch or 2 inches of fresh cocoa-nut refuse, would give a fair representation of a bed of tree Paeonies — say Baronne de Heckeren, Prince Imperial, La Fontaine, Madame Charles Crapelet, Victor Verdier, Anna de Diesbach, Louise Peronny, Duchcsse d'Orleans, and Gloire de Vitry, all of which were more or less rising into open centres just like Moutans in one or other of the collections. Another bed might be planted to represent Sally Brass in Koses; I mean such as Evcque de Nimes, with hard rigid hearts and bare puckered faces, firm as brass itself — say Evcque de Nimes, Agatoide, Frani;ois Premirr, General Simpson, Victor Trouillard, Madame Boll, and I'Etendard des Amateurs. Whether a liberal or shortcommons-fare would make these assume the same kind of face as Eveque de Nimes I do not know; but they assume more or less of a family cast of countenance.

One of Triomphe d' Amiens, in Mr. Keynes' collection of 96, was as striped and as mottled as a Picotee; one in Mr. Cant's collection was more minutely picoteed; and Mr. Laing, of Twickenham, had a General Jacqueminot striped and mottled differently from Triomphe d'Amiens. Mr. Cant must have made a good harvest of the Tea Rose, which was long lost, and for which we of the Floral Committee could not supply the proper name, so he named it himself, The Foundling, "l'Enfant Trouvé," and his lucky neighbour, J. T. Hedge, Esq., who swept the rosy race all round the course, did good justice to the darling restored. He had a large bunch of it with full-open, half-open, and not-open flowers, in his 36-kinds collection, and just opening in the 24-kind collection, and I would push the harvest home to all the mothers in England, alongside of the tea-caddy, for it is just as sweet, and it has the cream in itself. What more could they want, except, perhaps, to know that Mr. Cant has fish to his Tea Roses, and feeds the rest of his Roses on sprats? One of the Judges told me so, and told me, also, that he, the said Judge, feeds his own Roses on star fish, and it is a hundred to one if Mr. Hedge does not give sprats, star fish, and sturgeon to his Roses, and that may be how he gets off with all the prizes ; and if you had seen his Baronne Prevost, his Adam, his magnificent Laelia, his La Fontaine, his Charles Lawson, his Gloire de Dijon, and his Louise Darzins, the newest and the whitest of all the Perpetuals, the chances are that you, too, would put fish for Roses, and so would I — but I would mix them with four times their bulk of this cocoa stuff, fresh from the mill, and put in mulching, to bring up the roots into a natural hotbed, moist as Melons, quite near to the surface. But never would I give a morsel of fish to a Rose stock, Dog or Manetti.

In front of that mass of Roses I would plant the following: —

Madame Vidot and Mrs. Rivers, to see if they be different; also Mdlle. Bonnaire and Mdlle. Therese Appert, with William Griffith, and Queen of Denmark, and outside them none but pure whites, which I would select from the Noisettes and Teas for a change, and because the new whitest Perpetual, Louise Darzins, is too strong a grower for an outside row. That arrangement would throw the best, or, at least, my own selection of the very light Hoses at that Show, into a bed or group by themselves, and, of course, it would include Madame Vidot, Mrs. Rivers, W. Griffith, Queen of Denmark, and Therese Appert. I object altogether to catalogue the word Mademoiselle at all in England, for two reasons — it is too long, and the nymph may have been given in marriage ere the Rose is ripe to show in England: therefore, I would say Therese Appert till I could call her Madame something.

Alphabetical list of the darkest Roses, or Class I.: —

1, Abd-el-Kader 18, Mrs. Dombrain (1862)
2, Arthur de Sansal 19, Oriflamme de St. Louis
3, Cardinal Patrizzi 20, Prairie de Terre Noire
4, Dr. BretonnEau 21, Prince de Noire
5, Due de Cazes 22, Prince de Moskoira
6, Empereur de Maroc 23, Princesse Mathilde
7, François Arago 24, Rebecca
8, François Louvat (1862) 25, Rosine Parron
9, François Premier 26, Souvenir de Lady Cardley (1862)
10, George Peabody (Bourbon) 27, Triomphe des Beaux Arts
11, Gloire de Santenuy 28, Triomphe de Lyon
12, Jean Bart 29, Triomphe de Paris
13, Leonie Moise 30, Victor Emmanuel
14, Louis XIV. 31, Victor Trouillard
15, Lord Clyde (1862) 32, Victor Verdier
16, Lord Raglan 33, Wilhelm Pfitzer
17, Marie Portemer  

Oriflamme de St, Louis is the connecting link between the darkest and next dark Roses, being a shade deeper than Général Jacqueminot; but, after all that had been expected of it, the Général is much the better of the two. The four Roses of 1802 in this class are the best four of this season in that shade, looking at them like a gardener, and this is how they stood alphabetically: — Francois Louvat, Mr. Garnston, which is one ot the very best of all his novelties; Lord Clyde, Paul & Son, their own seedling, the best of the very dark Roses yet raised in England; Mrs. Dombrain, from Mr. Standish, a fine, foreign, dark-shaded purple Rose; and Souvenir de Lady Cardley, from Mr. Mitchell, which is seemingly a very good dark Rose, with a shade of purple in it as in Mrs. Dombrain. Wilhelm Pfitzer is in the way of the Gallic Rose Ohl No. 2. Prairie de Terre Noire was the darkest of all this lot; and Rosine Parron, Abd-el-Kader, and Oriflamme de St. Louis were the lightest of them, and some of them were quite different from the catalogue description. When the same name appears in two lists it shows how the tint varies with age.

The next darkest Roses begin with Général Jacqueminot, Senateur Vaisse, Gloire de Santenay, and Beauty of Waltham, all of them first -rate, but for reference they are placed in alphabetical order: —

1, Abd-el-Kader 12, Madame Boutin (1862), very good
2, Baronne Hallez 13, Madame Masson
3, Beauty of Waltham (1862) 14, Madame Pierson (fine)
4, Dr. Berthet (Bourbon) 15, Maréchal Vaillant (1862), fine
5, Eugene Appert 16, Ornement des Jardius
6, François Arago 17, Paul Ricaut
7, Francis I. 18, Rosine Parron
8, Général Jacqueminot 19, Senateur Vaisse
9, Gloire de France 20, Souvinir de Leveson Gower
10, Gloire de Santenay 21, Triomphe de l'Exposition
11, Louis XIV  

The championship of these lies between Scnateur Vaisse and Gloire de Santenay, two of the very best Roses we have. The third class consists of 40 of the best of the light crimsons, red, and rose coloured, running into various shades, but all of them, or any number of them, might be planted in front of any of the dark Roses as above.

1, Agatoide, fine 21, La Fontaine
2, Alexandrine Bachmeteff 22, La Reine
3, Alphonse Karr 23, La Ville de St. Denis
4, Anna Alexieff 23, Madame Crapelet, fine
5, Anna de Diesbach 24, Laelia
6, Armide 25, L'Etentard des Amateurs, like a crimson Evéque de Nîmes
7, Baronne de Heckeren, red Paeony-like 26, Lord Nelson
8, Baronne Gonella 27, Madame Boll, very large
9, Belle de Bourg-la-Reine 29, Madame Domage
10, Charles Lawson 30, Madame Furtado
11, Colonel de Rougemont 31, Madame Hector Jacquin
12, Duc d'Osuna, a deep red Baronne Prevost 32, Madame Pauline Villot
13, Duchess of Sutherland 33, Mathurin Regnier
14, Duke of Cambridge 34, Pauline Lanzezeur
15, Evêque de Nîmes

35, Prince Imperial, like a Cabbage Rose and a rosy Paeony

16, François Premier 36, Prince Leon
17, General Brea 37, Reine de la Cité, fine
18, General Castellane 38, Reine des Fleurs
19, General Simpson 39, Triomphe d'Alençon
20, Jules Margottin 40, Victor Trouillard

Very light and blush Roses.

Armide Mesdames Boll, Vidot. and Rivers
Auguste Mié Madame Vigneron
Caroline de Sansal Mathurin Regnier and Malmaison Rose
Comtesse de Chahrillant Queen Victoria
Duchess of Orleans Therese Appert
Eugénie Verdier (Mdlle.) Virginal
Général Pélissier William Griffith
Gloire de Vitry, was lavender tint  

Here will be seen how changeable some Roses are, as Madame Boll, Armide, and two or three more in these lists. Among the light Tea Roses the best were Madame Halphin, Madame Damaizin, Madam Williams, Barbot, Gloire de Bordeaux, and d'un Ami. There was but one example of Cloth of Gold, but Gloire de Dijon was all over the place, and there were several Celine Foiestiers. Madame Falcot was of the Elise Sauvagc tint of yellow, and both were very fine there; also, Narcisse, a fine yellow; Souvenir d'Elise Varden, a very large beautiful blush Tea; Archimede, fine salmon tint; Gloire de Bordeaux will turn out a very fine deep blush Tea; Niphetos and Sorabreiid were the two whitest Teas; Lamarque and Madam Hardy being still the best white Roses at shows; and Triomphe de Rennes seems, after all, to be the most certain yellow among Noisettes, and the favourite after Gloire de Dijon from among the Teas.

Were it not that nine hundred and ninety-nine ladies out of every thousand of them would place and plan, shade and plant, all Roses on this model, we should have a rebellion among the florists, who are the best hands under the sun at producing the least colour-effect by the arrangement of the flowers they take in hand, for thus assorting them in order to be of some use to those who do not use catalogues, or those, in fact, who know very little about Roses. Lists of any kinds of plants without the colours are of no more use, to most men, than a list of the parishioners farthest off from their own. D. Beaton.

CybeRose note: I wonder whether the variegated roses mentioned above are of the same origin as those discussed by Du Breuil in 1873.