Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. XXIII: xxvi 
(Scientific Committee, January 31, 1899)

Apple Graft Variation

Mr. Wilks showed samples of the Mannington Pearmain Apple sent by Mr. Peter Veitch, and taken from the original tree which supplied the fruit described by Dr. Hogg fifty years ago. It is a medium-sized Apple, russet in appearance and rugose, with raised lines, though the sample has scarcely a trace of bright coloration, as stated in Hogg's description. The "improved" form was devoid of all roughness, and brightly coloured with yellow and red. It is now widely distributed by grafting, and this improved form is the present recognised Mannington though widely different from the original type. Professor Bailey records an analogous case in America, in that since the original Newtown Pippin has been distributed over the United States it has assumed various forms specially characteristic of Apples growing in the different States, and even in Australia it has also acquired local characteristics. (See page xxxvi.)

Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. XXIII: xxxvi 
(Scientific Committee, February 28, 1899)

Mr. Veitch also brought fruits of Apple 'Mannington Pearmain' from the original seedling tree, to compare with fruits of ordinary 'Mannington Pearmain.' The former fruits were small, round, uneven in outline, very russety, often presenting a warty appearance; eye closed, set in a shallow basin, stalk nearly an inch long, thin, and set in a deep cavity; flesh crisp, juicy, and of pleasant flavour. The ordinary 'Mannington Pearmain' has larger fruit, with one side higher than the other, and inclined to be conical. Skin pale green, covered with a thin russet, flushed with dull red on the exposed side; eye partly closed, and set in a shallow ribbed basin; stalk set in a deep cavity, with a protuberance on one side of it; flesh very juicy and of better flavour than the old seedling. It was suggested that the difference between them was the result of grafting and regrafting for several generations of trees, without going back to the original seedling for scions.