Hortus Kewensis pp. 415-421 (1789)
William Aiton
(Jonas Dryander)


Cor hexapetaloidea, irregularis. Filamenta fauci tubi inserta, declinata, inaequalia proportione vel directione. Linn. fil.

lutea1. sp. pl. 420.
pumilio2. introd. 1774, Masson
Atamasco3. Introd. 1680 by Charles Hatton.
formosissima4. cult. 1658 in Oxford Gard. Hort. oxon. ed. 2. p. 116.
reginae5. A. spatha subbiflora, pedicellis divaricatis, corollis campanulatis breve tubulosis nutantibus, fauce tubi hirsuta, foliis lanceolatis patulis. Linn. fil.
Amaryllis reginae. Sp. pl. 421.
Amaryllis spatha multiflora, corollis campanulatis aequalibus, marginibus undulatis. Mill. ic. p. 16. t. 23. (errore sculptoris; rectius 24)
Mexican lily
Nat. of America
Cult. 1725. Mill. ic. loc. cit.
Fl. May and June.
purpurea6. A. spatha subbiflora, corollis erectiusculis basi tubulosis, fauci tubi glabra, foliis lineari-lanceolatis. Linn. fil.
Crinum speciosum Linn. suppl. 195.
Purple-flowered Amaryllis.
Nat. of the Cape of Good Hope.
Introd. 1774 by Mr. Francis Masson.
equestris7. A. spatha subbiflora, pedicellis erectis spatha brevioribus, tubo filiformi horizontali, limbo oblique patulo sursum curvo, fauce pilosa. Linn. fil.
Amaryllis dubia. Linn. am. ac. 8. p. 254.
Lilium americanum puniceo flore, Bella donna dictum. Herm. par. 194. cum fig.
Lilium rubicundum. Merian surinam. 22. tab. 22.
Barbadoes Lily
Nat. of the West Indies
Introd. 1778, by William Pitcairn, M.D.
reticulata8. A. spatha subbiflora, corollis basi tubulosis nutantibus, fauce tubi glabra, scapo compresso, foliis oblongis basi attenuatis. Linn. fil.
Amaryllis reticulata. L'Herit. sert. angl. t. 14.
Flat stalk'd Amaryllis
Nat. of Brasil.
Introd. 1777, by Edward Whitaker Gray. M.D.
Fl. April.
Belladonna9. A. corollis erectiusculis hexapetalis: laciniis planis, scapo compresso, foliis acute canaliculatis obtuse carinatis glaberrimis. Linn. fil.
Amaryllis Belladonna. Sp. Pl. 421. J. Miller illustr.
Amaryllis spatha multiflora, corollis campanulatis aequalibus, genitalibus declinatis. Ph. Mill. ic. p. 15. t. 24. (errore sculptoris; rectius 23)
Belladonna Lily
Introd. about 1712. Mill. ic. loc. cit.
Fl. July-Sept
vittata10. Introd. William Malcolm 1769.
falcata11. Introd. Francis Masson 1774.
ornata12. A. floribus sessilibus, corollis basi tubulosis: tubo spathis limboque longiori curvo, limbi laciniis oblongis aristatis: lacinia infima divaricata concava. Linn. fil.
Cape Coast Lily
Nat. of Guinee
Cult. 1740, by Robert James Lord Petre. Ehret pict. t. 5. f. 2.?
Fl. June and July
longifolia13. Introd. Francis Masson 1774.
revoluta14. Introd. Francis Masson 1774.
aurea15. Introd. 1777, by John Fothergill, M.D.
orientalis16. Introd. 1767 by William Malcolm
sarniensis17. Cult. 1659 Gen. Lambert at Wimbleton.
undulata18. Introd. 1767.
radiata19. Cult. 1758 by Mr. Philip Miller.

There is some confusion and misrepresentation in the above listings. For instance, John Parkinson had both the Atamasco and Jacobeus before 1629, but is not given credit. Philip Miller was growing Orientalis by 1759.

There is also some problem with Equestris, which Linn. fil. restricted to the type with a horizontal filiform tube as illustrated by Merian. Here the synonyms suggest a broader view of the species, including Hill's A. biflora and Linnaeus's A. Belladonna. Herbert later claimed that the description was wrong because it didn't describe the forms he wanted to include in A. equestris.

Linn. fil. cited Seligmann's West Indische rothe Lilie as an illustration for Amaryllis reginae, though that plant was identified by Ehret as the one described by Linnaeus in Hort. Cliff., which later (1753) became Amaryllis Belldonna L.

Linn. fil. did not refer the species Belladonna or reginae to Species Plantarum or any other of his father's works.

It is amusing to note that while the younger von Linné cited Hill's Hort. Kew. of 1768, the 1789 Hort. Kew. avoids mention of Hill as much as possible, supporting the fiction that 1789 was the first Hort. Kew.