Transactions of the Horticultural Society 5: 369-371 (1824)
LIV. On the Cultivation of the Yellow Rose, and of the tender Chinese Roses, by budding on the Musk Cluster Rose.
In a Letter to the Secretary. By
J
OHN WILLIAMS, Esq. Corresponding Member of the Society.

Read July 13th, 1823.

DEAR SIR,

MR. KNIGHT spent a day with me lately, on his return from London, and was so much pleased with the appearance of some Roses, trained on the front of my house, that he wished me to mention the circumstance to you.

The Double Yellow Rose does not flower with me as a standard bush, in fact it does not blossom well except in certain situations and soils. Three years ago I had buds of this Rose as well as some of the dark and of the sweet-scented Chinese Roses, inserted on strong shoots of a Musk Cluster Rose, which is trained on the east front of my house. Last year, both of the Chinese varieties flowered in great beauty during the whole of the season; a few blossoms of the Yellow Rose, also opened very finely. This year the latter produced many buds, several became perfect flowers, and I think all would have opened, had it not been for the unusual coldness of the spring, and the attacks of Aphides. The dark Chinese Rose succeeds particularly well, the flowers are much larger than when grown on its own roots. In fact, my Roses have been the admiration of every person who has seen them.

As the budding season is now approaching I mention this to you, that you may try how far the Yellow Rose so treated, will thrive in the Garden of the Horticultural Society at Chiswick. I expect it will succeed particularly well, as it grows best in deep alluvial loams on the banks of rivers. My buds were inserted ten feet from the ground, and Mr. KNIGHT thinks the large size of the blossoms of the dark Chinese Rose is owing to the distance the sap has to pass from the root before it reaches the flower buds.

I remain, DEAR SIR,
your's truly,
JOHN WILLIAMS,
Pitmaston, near Worcester,
29th June, 1823.

Note by the Secretary.

The Society, at its Meeting on the 1st of July, had an opportunity of witnessing the result of another successful experiment on the Double Yellow Rose.

THOMAS CAREY PALMER, Esq. of Bromley, sent specimens of its flowers in a very perfect state, and fully expanded, These were gathered from branches produced from a bud inserted on a strong plant of the common Chinese Rose growing against a wall with a western aspect. The operation had been performed in April 1822, with a spring bud having a little of the wood attached to it; it had grown so vigorously as to produce upwards of thirty flower-buds in the present season, part of which were taken off to prevent the exhaustion of the plant; some of the remainder were those exhibited. Mr. PALMER prefers the spring for the insertion of the buds, having been more successful at that time than at Midsummer. The result of this experiment is very important, since the Double Yellow Rose will not live on its own roots in Mr. PALMER'S garden.

CybeRose note: It is of interest to note that Mr. Williams bred the rose 'Williams' Double Yellow'.

"This interesting variety was raised about ten years ago by Mr. John Williams of Pitmaston, near Worcester, from seeds obtained from the single yellow rose, which but very rarely matures its fruit in this country. Among the seedlings raised on that occasion three proved to be double, one of which is the subject before us, which from its flowering freely, and from the size, form, and colour of its blossoms is justly esteemed a most valuable addition to our collection of hardy roses. Mr. Williams, in a communication to Mr. Sabine, describes it as a plant of vigorous growth, and that it sends forth abundance of suckers."—D. Don in The British Flower Garden, v. 4, t. 353 (1838)