The Garden 105-106 (Feb 11, 1893)
YELLOW ROSES
Ridgewood

If there is one colour among Roses more popular than another it is the deep golden yellow found in such varieties as Maréchal Niel, Perle des Jardins, Harrisoni, and others. Rosa Harrisoni here figured, one of the Austrian Briers, was introduced from America by Mr. Harrison in 1830, and is still one of our most popular yellow Roses for garden decoration. As shown in the engraving, it is far more double and globular than the Persian Yellow, another very old favourite introduced in 1838.

Rose Harrison's Yellow. Engraved for THE GARDEN from a photograph sent by Mr. J. McWalters, Armagh.

HARRISONI is a beautiful golden yellow, but the growth is not so vigorous nor the flowers so deep in colour as in the case of the Persian Yellow. I have more than once known the two varieties confused, but when seen together they are quite distinct. These two varieties are amongst the earliest flowering Roses we have, and I have a vivid recollection of how grand they were in this neighbourhood last spring. They are good growers, hardy, and almost certain bloomers. The chief point is to thin out all weakly growths, and so encourage the more vigorous shoots. If these are bent down slightly they will almost invariably bloom throughout their whole length. By bending them down slightly after pruning a more even break of the blooms are large, double, perfect in form, and of a flowering eyes is secured. In pruning it is only necessary to thin out the weak shoots and remove the tips of strong and well-ripened growths. Weak growth is of little value upon the Austrian Briers. In the same class we have two single yellow Roses,

THE AUSTRIAN YELLOW and THE AUSTRIAN COPPER. Both are good, the latter being one of the most superb single Roses grown. It is of vigorous growth, and possesses deep tints of bright copper, terra-cotta and metallic-red. Once seen in their full beauty and freshness these blooms are seldom forgotten. We also have the

YELLOW SCOTCH ROSES, which, although pale and very small, are almost perfect in shape and particularly free and hardy. Among other yellow Roses we must not omit the

YELLOW BANKSIAN. I am acquainted with more than one garden where Banksian Roses grow well, but do not flower satisfactorily because they are injudiciously pruned. The Banksians flower early, and all the necessary pruning should be done at midsummer or soon after. Long shoots that have flowered should be entirely cut out, thus letting the air and light into the remaining growth and assisting its maturation during the autumn months. These Roses grow very late, and are much more tender than many; hence the need of getting the growth as early as possible, and a dry border to encourage early ripening In the spring the only necessary pruning will be the removal of frost-bitten wood.

FORTUNE'S YELLOW (syn., Beauty of Glazenwood) times a bloom will be produced with only one of is another beautiful semi-double variety that deserves much more extensive cultivation. It is said to have been discovered by Robert Fortune in a rich mandarin's garden at Ningpo, and was introduced to this country by him in 1845. Like the Banksians, it does best in a warm and rather dry situation, and, like them, requires careful summer pruning. It is only semi-double and varies much in its colour, sometimes being a pure orange-yellow, and at others striped and flaked with carmine in very uncertain quantities. The yellow Abyssinian Rose Eca is also very pretty. This was introduced by Messrs. W. Paul and Son about 1883; it is small and very pale yellow in colour.

CLOTH OF GOLD (or Chromatella) was sent out in 1843, and was somewhat extensively grown until eclipsed by Maréchal Niel. It is a very vigorous grower, and too tender to thrive satisfactorily unless on a warm and very sheltered wall. The blooms are large, double, perfect in form, and of a deep sulphur-yellow with darker centre, but unfortunately it is a difficult variety to grow on account of its extreme tenderness. I have only once been fortunate enough to see it growing well, and that was in a Rose garden completely sheltered by specimen shrubs. Being so tender, it rarely starts well into growth until too late in the season for its vigorous shoots to get matured. It was a seedling from Lamarque, and Nabonnand has succeeded in getting a seedling from Chromatella which much resembles the parent, and is supposed to be hardier; he has named it Comtesse de Beaumetz, but it still remains to be proved, and I doubt if it will ever become so popular as Maréchal Niel. The above, with Solfaterre, Ophirie, and Celine Forestier, are the best of our old yellow Roses.

During recent years many grand additions have been made to this colour, one of the most popular being

WILLIAM ALLEN RICHARDSON, which was sent out by Ducher in 1878. For some time it was not much grown, having probably shown its uncertain growth. It is a peculiar feature in this grand Rose that one plant may do well, and another in the same position and apparently under similar conditions will be far from satisfactory, growing scarcely at all. This same peculiarity is often found in Maréchal Niel, but not quite so frequently. It requires the same treatment as Maréchal Niel, viz., little or no pruning of the wood made the previous season. Its colour is difficult to describe and varies very much. Golden yellow, orange-yellow, yolk-of-egg yellow are all found; sometimes a bloom will be produced with only one of is these colours, at other times two, or all three may be found in charming confusion, while it is not uncommon to find a flower pure white. As a rule they are golden orange with a lighter edge. Small, perfect in shape while young, and a good Rose to last, this variety is undoubtedly one of the best climbers for a south wall or under glass. It is only semi-double and in the latter position I have secured from 500 to 700 blooms from a single plant, and have found it equally as certain as well grown specimens of Maréchal Niel. Mme. Carnot, a seedling from W. A. Richardson, is somewhat similar, and also a grand variety.

L'IDEAL, of similar habit, is one of the most distinct and attractive Roses we have. Not very full, but of good shape When young; it is decidedly one of the six sweetest-scented Roses grown. Its colour is also very variable, being metallic-red and yellow, splashed and tinted with a golden and coppery yellow.

DUCHESSE D'AUERSTADT.—The flowers of this are pure yellow when young, but partake of a nankeen shade as they open. They are large and full, but not of so good shape as those of Henriette de Beauveau, a bright clear yellow, very free blooming and sweet-scented.

BELLE LYONNAISE is a pure canary-yellow of the Gloire de Dijon type, but not quite so hardy.

REVE D'OR is a typical yellow Rose, almost evergreen, and of extraordinary vigour.

MME. FALCOT is too well known to need more said of it than that from 1859 to the present time it has been the best of its colour.

ISABELLA SPRUNT, a fixed sport from Safrano, is a pure canary-yellow of hardy constitution, very free, and a good button-hole Rose.

JEAN PERNET, a sport from Devoniensis, is also exceedingly pretty, but, like its foster parent, it is not sufficiently reliable. Perhaps the best pure yellow Rose among the dwarfer growing Teas and Noisettes is

MARIE VAN HOUTTE. Some of my readers may question my designation of this grand variety as a pure yellow on account of its being frequently tinged with deep rose, especially towards the edges of its petals. But these are merely sun tints, and may be found more or less in many other varieties -- Niphetos, for example. Marie van Houtte is a most excellent grower, hardy, and certain to produce several crops of good flowers during each season.

SUNSET is of a different shade, having a deeper yellow for ground, with an apricot-coloured centre. It is a grand autumnal Rose.

MME. HOSTE is a pale yellow of great purity. The blooms are well built up and of great substance and size.

The title "yellow Roses" gives us rather a wide scope among these flowers, but I have endeavoured to keep within bounds, even by omitting such grand varieties as Comtesse de Nadaillac, Anna Ollivier, Jean Ducher, Princess of Wales, Franoisca itruger, Gloire de Dijon, Kaiserin Friedrioh, Bouquet d'Or, Mme. Berard, &c, all of which might justly be styled yellows of different shades.