Magazine of Horticulture 13: 354-356 (August 1847)
Art. IV. Descriptions of Eight New Varieties of Prairie Roses.
By the Editor.
No productions of the flower garden have attracted more attention within a few years than the new and beautiful varieties of Prairie roses, which now form the principal ornaments of every good collection during the month of July, after other roses have gone. Mr. Feast, who was the first to give a new feature to our native Prairie, deserves the thanks of every lover of this beautiful tribe for the origination of his superb seedlings. For years, we have been cultivating foreign roses, very few of which, in comparison with the Prairies, deserve a place in the garden. Some of the Boursaults are exceedingly showy and brilliant, but, with few exceptions, they, like all other varieties of climbing roses, must give way to the Prairies.
Two years ago, we gave a full descriptive account of all Mr. Feast's seedlings, (Vol. X. p. 246,) with a view to correct any errors which might have arisen in the dissemination of the kinds; and we believe our article was the means of enabling cultivators to detect mistakes, and the different varieties are now readily obtained under the correct names.
It is well known that, since Mr. Feast produced his fine seedlings, our correspondent, Mr. J. Pierce, of Linnaean Hall, near Washington, D. C, whose place we have twice noticed, has raised several new and extremely beautiful varieties, some of them vieing with Mr. Feast's, while others much excel them. Mr. Pierce raised twelve kinds, brief descriptions of which he sent us last season; but, as they only referred to the color of the flowers, we thought it preferable to delay their publication until we could render them complete. Most of our plants have flowered finely this year, and we have been enabled to do so, and we now annex the following descriptions of each:—
Anne Maria.—Flowers, medium size, pale pink, with rose centre, cupped and very double: clusters, large, numbering twenty to thirty flowers, and rather compact: foliage, medium size, very pale green, undulated, slightly serrated, and rather smooth: spines, strong, pale green: habit, robust, vigorous and good. It is quite distinct from any of the others.
Eva Corinne.—Flowers, large, very delicate blush, with beautiful carmine centre, globular, and very double: clusters, medium size, containing from ten to twenty flowers, rather compact: foliage, medium size, rugose: spines, purplish: habit, vigorous, and very erect. This is the most delicate of all the Prairies, and its clusters of blush flowers, with their deep centre, which are perfectly globular and quite fragrant, entitle it to a prominent place in every garden. It blooms quite late.
Miss Gunnell.—Flowers, medium size, of a delicate blush or buff, precisely of the shade of Lady Hume Camellia, cupped, very regular, and double: clusters, large and spreading, numbering twenty-five to thirty flowers: foliage, large, undulated, and partially rugose: habit, vigorous and good. This is quite unique for the delicate tint of its flowers, which are produced in large clusters. It is one of the very best.
Jane.—Flowers, medium size, of a beautiful light, or lilac, rose, imbricated, and very double: clusters, large and rather compact, numbering twenty-five or thirty flowers: foliage, large, coarsely, and sharply serrated: habit, very strong and vigorous.
Ranunculiflora.—Flowers, small, pale blush, very much resembling Baltimore Belle: clusters, large, usually twenty or thirty flowers: foliage, very rugose: spines, purplish: habit, vigorous and good. This variety is slightly fragrant, and flowers rather late.
Pride Of Washington.—Flowers, medium size, pale rose, cupped and double, somewhat resembling Jane: clusters, medium size, numbering ten to twenty flowers: foliage, medium size, slightly serrated, and nearly smooth: habit, vigorous and good.
Triumphant.—Flowers, medium size, deep brilliant rose, imbricated, very double, and finely formed: clusters, large, and rather compact, numbering from twenty to thirty flowers: foliage, very large and handsome, undulated and bright green, deeply and sharply serrated: habit, very strong and robust. This variety is remarkable for its ample and beautiful foliage, as well as its deep and brilliant rosy flowers.
President.—Flowers, small, deep pink, compact, and very double: clusters, medium size, and rather loose, numbering fifteen to twenty flowers: foliage, medium size, rugose, and rather deeply serrated: prickles, purplish red: habit, vigorous and good. This is one of the latest flowering varieties.
These are all Mr. Pierce's seedlings, eight in number. We have four others, which have not yet flowered sufficiently strong to give a correct description: their names are, Mrs. Hovey, a superb white; Virginia Lass; Linnaean Hall Beauty, and one unnamed. Another season they will probably bloom in fine condition. Mr. Pierce speaks very highly of Mrs. Hovey, as being a fine white, the "largest, doublest and best" of all his seedlings; it is of superb habit, with splendid deep green foliage, and, if it proves a pure white, it will be the greatest acquisition which has yet been made.