The Garden p. 219 (Sept 16, 1899)
SOME GOOD CHINA ROSES
Philomel

Among the China Roses we have had during recent years some splendid improvements in colour. The one figured above is to my mind one of the most beautiful of modern Roses. There is an indescribable charm about the flower in its wondrous tints of rich rosy pink, heavily shaded with canary-yellow and orange, also in a less degree in its pretty foliage. The buds ere they unfold have a certain resemblance to those of l'Ideal in colour, but they are not quite so large. Although single specimens either as bushes or upon standards are lovely, the Rose must be seen in groups to form any idea of its value as a first-class kind for the garden. It will grow and thrive equal to, if not better than, any of our Tea Roses. The plants should be treated well at the commencement. Where soil is not good, make it so by working in a few loads of good loam of rather a strong texture. The let-alone system of pruning should be adopted. I am no advocate for mutilating the China Roses in the way thought necessary for kinds grown for exhibition, and am glad to see a more rational treatment advocated by the leaders in the Rose world as regards pruning these China Roses.

China Rose Mme. Eugène Resal

The parent of the above-named variety is Mme. Laurette Messimy. It was obtained by M. Guillot in 1887, being the result of a cross between an old China Rose named Rival de Pestum and the Tea Rose Mme. Falcot. We have in Mme. E. Resal a distinct proof of the fact well known to hybridists that the second and third generations of a cross often produce the best results. This is no disparagement of Mme. Laurette Messimy, for it will always hold its own. When once a variety has taken hold of the public it is a difficult matter for any newcomer to oust it from its position. I think of the two kinds mentioned above the parent is the better grower.

Another fine novelty among these Roses is Queen Mab. Its buds are of the most beautiful shade of rosy apricot, suffused with orange, somewhat resembling the Tea Rose Safrano in shape, only of a more beautiful and a richer colour. Queen Mab is a first-rate grower, richly endowed with beautiful foliage of quite a ruby colour in the young state. Other good new kinds are Irene Watts, a very delicate shade of salmon-pink, another seedling of Mme. L. Messimy, and Duke of York, a most valuable variety, changing from rosy pink and white to rich crimson. The centre of the flowers, which are large for a China, is often flamed with crimson, heavily bordered with white. By artificial light this variety has a most unique appearance. A very pretty and promising kind is Aurore, one of the latest of the French novelties. The colour is crushed strawberry, and the ruby foliage is a delightful contrast. I have formed a good opinion also of Jean Bach Sisley, but should like to see a little more of it before pronouncing upon its merits.

Of the older Monthly Roses, the Common Pink is still among the best. For gorgeous colouring there is a rivalry between Cramoisi Superieur, or Agrippina as it is sometimes called, Sanguinea, and Fabvier. I should be disposed to award the first position to the first-named, although it is not quite so free in growth as one could desire. Sanguinea or Old Crimson is good, and rather darker than Cramoisi. Fabvier is not quite so brilliant and it is not more than semi-double, but it is, nevertheless, a free and good kind for massing. Armosa, though sometimes classed as a Bourbon, is as much a Monthly Rose as any of the above. It is a charming double variety with neat flowers of a silvery pink colour and throws up enormous trusses of bloom. It is certainly oneof the best for massing, as italso is for potting up to bloom in the winter or early spring. White China Roses are not very numerous. The best of all is Ducher. Fellenberg, although usually classed with the Noisettes, is as much a Monthly Rose as any here mentioned. Its colour is bright crimson. A really first-rate variety is Mrs. Bosanquet. This old Rose is found now in almost every garden. The pale flesh blossoms have a delightful freshness about them and they are also large and double. Another good kind is Archduke Charles. The flowers open a rose colour with white edges; as they expand, however, some of them gradually change to crimson, the various colours in one truss of bloom producing a striking effect. Eugene Beauharnais is also good. In giving a selection of some good China Roses two pretty kinds cannot be omitted, albeit they have more resemblance to the Polyantha group than to the Chinas. They are, however, true Monthlies if one accepts the term as applying to real perpetual Roses. These two kinds are White Pet and Red Pet. The former in flower is an exact counterpart of the rambling Rose Felicite-Perpetue. It is, however, dwarf, and yields immense trusses of bloom. Red Pet is somewhat similar save in colour. In summer it is bright rich crimson, in autumn almost maroon or claret colour. They are both good for pots. These two with Cramoisi Supérieur, Armosa, Common Pink, Mme. E. Resal, and Mme. L. Messimy would be a fine selection for this purpose. I cannot conclude this short article without referring to a variety (Gruss an Teplitz) lately certificated by the Royal Horticultural Society and described in the pages of THE GARDEN.

The China Roses are excellent for hedges. Often one desires sheltered recesses for choice shrubs and half-hardy plants during their infancy. Such recesses might well be formed with Monthly Roses of the more robust type.