Madison Cooper's Gardening Magazine, 3: 180 (July 1939)
Story of the Horvath Roses
Claire Norton, (Colo.)
|The Beautiful Horvath Rose,—"Camellia"|
A new race of Shrub Roses, Climbing Roses and Door-yard Roses of absolute hardiness has been quietly making its appearance in the last decade and a half. This year it burst upon the gardening world with pages and pages of gloriously-colored illustrations in the nursery catalogs.
The story behind these Roses, called the Horvath Roses, covers a period of more than forty years and is thrilling to the lover of flowers.
Until the end of the last century there were few Climbing Roses hardy in Northern gardens. At the first Rose Show held about the turn of the century, in New York City, there was exhibited by a young man a group of Climbing Roses of his own hybridizing, bearing the blood of a species that had recently been introduced from China, Rosa wichuraiana. This young man was M. H. Horvath, who had come to America from Hungary but a few years previously, and was at that time connected with a New Jersey nursery.
Mr. Horvath dropped out of the rose picture shortly after his first exhibition, and was not remembered in most circles until around 1925, when it was learned that he had again succeeded in producing a new type of Climbing rose.
The first of these new Roses, put on the market in the last five years, was aptly named Doubloons. Since its introduction, this climber with large, double, open, deep-yellow blooms, that do not fade or burn in the sunlight, has been steadily gaining friends.
With the appearance of Doubloons, the rose world learned that M. H. Horvath had not been idle during the many years since he exhibited his first new Roses, but that he had been quietly and laboriously developing a whole new race of Hardy Roses. Not satisfied with his first hybrids, desiring greater hardiness combined with greater beauty, he had worked for many years to get the blood of the hardy native species, Rosa setigera, into his Roses. When at last succeeded in crossing R. setigera and R. wichuraiana, and making on this seedling a fertile cross with a Hybrid Tea, he was on the path he had chosen.
Since that time Mr. Horvath has produced not only Climbing Roses, but bush Roses having the bloom characteristics of the Hybrid Teas; Roses that are similar to the Hybrid Perpetuals, and Dwarf Roses equivalent to the Polyanthas. Nor is his work finished. He has a goal of still finer Roses, crossing Rosa setigera with other hardy species and working to produce Climbing Roses of everblooming habit.
The Horvath Roses, so beautifully illustrated in this year's nursery catalogs, include Climbers, Dooryard Roses, Shrub Roses, and Hedge Roses, with the blood of the hardy Prairie Rose, R. setigera, in their makeup. These new Roses have been granted United States plant patents. All are well worth growing and should prove of superior value for gardeners of the inland sections of America because of their rugged constitutions. In addition, they are practically free of rose maladies, their foliage being remarkably disease-resistant.
Camellia [later renamed Sonia] is one of the loveliest of the Horvath Roses, an intercross of Rosa multiflora and R. canina, recrossed with Horvath's Improved Hortulanus Budde, thus producing a perpetual-flowering Rose of great beauty. The flowers are camellia-shaped, and a brilliant, sparkling cherry-red, shading to orange in the center; a hue not found among the Hybrid Teas. The growth is strong and hardy; the foliage green and healthy.
Mabelle Stearns is a hardy Dooryard Rose, bearing hundreds of peach-blossom-pink flowers from June until frost. The bush spreads as much as six feet, but can be kept pruned to any desired size. Pink Perfection, called a Hedge Rose because of its upright growth to three or four feet in height, usually bears its dainty pink flowers in clusters. It can be used as a specimen in the shrub or perennial border, as well as for hedging. Faust is a Bush Rose, growing thirty inches tall and spreading to three or four feet. In color the clustered flowers are cerise-red.
Of the hardy climbers, Hercules is particularly outstanding, a rugged plant climbing to fourteen feet, and producing deep rose-pink blooms, flve to six inches across, on long-spur branches; the equal of any Hybrid Tea flower. The foliage of Hercules is very ornamental. Federation is both beautiful and robust, having fragrant, semi-double flowers, rose-pink with an iridescent orange undertone.