NEW HYBRID ROSES—A season or two since Mr. W. A. Manda crossed Rosa Wichuraiana with various other species and varieties, Eglantine, a number of the most attractive Teas, American Beauty and General Jacqueminot. The hybrids have lately been shown at South Orange, planted out on bare sandy banks, in positions where R. Wichuraiana is especially valuable and attractive. In character of foliage and habit of growth they resemble the prostrate rambling parent, but the crossing has produced a most remarkable series of free-flowering plants with handsome fragrant flowers. One attractive hybrid has clusters of pink single flowers similar to those of the Sweetbrier. Another, pure pink double flowers, the buds of which resemble in miniature the Bridesmaid. There are also several forms with double white flowers. One of these with a delicate pink hue is peculiar and distinct, the numerous small rounded petals being reflexed and perfectly imbricated, an arrangement not usual among Roses. Mr. Manda has also number of other forms, mostly pink or rose in color, and varying in shape and number of petals, which he proposes naming and offering next year. These hybrids must meet with great favor with planters, as they add a brilliancy or warmth of color to a valuable Rose.
ROSA WICHURAIANA is a plant probably familiar to most of the readers of GARDEN AND FOREST, since its peculiar characteristics and merits were first noted in its columns. The general garden public has had its attention more especially called to it lately under the name of the "Memorial Rose." It is doubtful whether superintendents of trimly kept cemeteries have welcomed it as a boon, for it is a great rambler and not a plant to be allowed over grass. On sandy, bare soil where few things will grow, or over sloping banks or rocks, it is very valuable and effective, being not only a rapid, vigorous grower, but perfectly hardy in the worst seasons. Its thick, smooth leaves are little subject to insect pests. Its principal value for ordinary positions, however, would be for use as a pillar Rose, a class of plants for which purpose we have comparatively few varieties that make very long growths and are entirely hardy. The fragrant, beautiful clusters of the single white flowers leave little to be desired. It seems to hybridize readily, and Mr. W. A. Manda, of South Orange, New Jersey, has secured a lot of charming hybrids which have all the merits of the parent plant in hardiness and vigor, and have in addition a great variety of flowers. Mr. Manda has made crosses with a number of tender Roses, mostly Teas, and has secured flowers which are single, semi-double and very double, and white-pink and dark pink (or rose) in color. Last week in Mr. Manda's propagating-house there were some of the double-flowered plants which had been lifted, cut back and forced into bloom. This variety, known as "Mandas Triumph," has a snow-white flower with petals perfectly imbricated and about two inches in diameter. They grow in clusters of twenty-five to fifty or more blooms. One of the prettiest of these hybrids is a single-flowered pink one, known as the "Roamer." There is also a variety which has only a slight suffusion of pink in the white.
These are not forcing Roses, however, and I was drawn to South Orange mostly to see how the plants had wintered in the open, where they had been exposed on a sandy bank. Plants said to be hybrids with Madame Hoste and Meteor had old growths in some cases twelve feet long, and these were alive for their full length; in fact, the plants seemed entirely unaffected, except in some soft late growths, and these in some cases were not entirely lifeless. These hybrids seem to me an interesting and valuable genus.
J. N. Gerard.
THE New York Gardeners' Society, by permission of the Mayor and Aldermen of the city, held a flower show on Saturday last in the Aldermen's Chamber of the City Hall. The society consists mainly of private gardeners, and they certainly brought together one of the most interesting and varied exhibitions of flowers ever seen in this city. The Roses, of course, were in great abundance at this season, and standard varieties of all classes were shown in first-rate form. Among the newer ones were Bardon Job in the collection of Hicks Arnold, a large semi-double cup-shaped flower of a singularly rich crimson color, and Mr. W. A. Manda's hybrids between Rosa Wichuraiana, and certain Tea Roses like Perle des Jardins and Madame Hoste. These flowers have the true Tea fragrance and the plants have evergreen leaves, Mr. Manda also showed hybrids between Rosa Wichuraiana and the Hybrid Perpetuals.