The Gardener's Magazine and Register of Rural and Domestic Improvement, Volume 6 (Sept 1840) p. 475

37. Observations upon the Effects produced on Plants by the Frost which occurred in England in the Winter of 1837-8. By John Lindley, Ph. D. F.R.S. &c. &c., Vice-Secretary. Read December 4, 1838.

The winter of 1837-8 was in England more injurious to vegetation than any which has occurred in modern times, and it must be many years before its disastrous effects can be repaired under the most favourable circumstances. We may have had winters in which the temperature was as low, and the duration of severe weather longer, but on this occasion several concurrent circumstances contributed to mark the effects of the season more distinctly. At no previous time in the history of English gardening have there been so many rare exotics exposed to the naked influence of the climate; for the mildness of several previous winters, and the general increase of a desire to introduce new plants, had filled our gardens with species before unseen except in greenhouses.

p. 487

Roses. Of the Banksian rose, both the yellow and white variety suffered severely in all the northern parts of England; at Claremont, plants 15 years old, and covering 60 or 70 yards of wall, were killed to the ground; fine old specimens perished in the Society's Garden; at Brenchley, a plant with a stem 111/2 inches in circumference, and covering the whole side of a house, was entirely destroyed; they equally perished in Hampshire, but it was observed at Owston that one plant against a shaded wall escaped. The varieties of Rosa multiflora were destroyed. Rosa bracteata, the Macartney Rose, was killed back to its old wood, or even down to the ground. R. microphylla suffered in the same degree; other China roses in general were killed to the ground, or totally destroyed. The white and yellow China Rose, the sweet-scented hybrid, Hamon, and Blairii, were entirely destroyed even in Hampshire; but the latter was injured on a south wall at Dropmore. Generally speaking, the Noisette, Isle de Bourbon, and tea-scented varieties, were found the most tender; hybrids, between the China rose and European species, were much less affected; the beautiful Rosa ruga, a mule between Rosa indica and arvensis, did not suffer in the least at Pitmaston, or even at Redleaf, where the Noisette, and every description of China Rose, was killed down to the ground. It was, however, very different in Cornwall and South Wales; at Carclew, Rosa involucrata was the only rose that suffered, while Rosa microphylla close beside it was uninjured. At Sketty, Rosa microphylla was slightly injured, but at that place no other of a large collection was at all injured. At Penllargare R. microphylla against a wall was quite unhurt. R. sinica perished on a south wall in the Society's Garden.