Canadian Journal of Botany, 1993, 71(1): 74-86
Floral development of Rosa setigera
Kemp, et al.

The development of the flower of Rosa setigera from initiation to the onset of anthesis is described. Rosa setigera is the only known member of the genus Rosa to exhibit dioecy. Flowers of functionally staminate (male) and functionally carpellate (female) plants appear identical, a condition referred to as cryptic dioecy. Discrete sepals and petals are formed on the floral meristem. As the hypanthium forms, stamens are initiated in alternating whorls on the wall of the hypanthium and continue to develop as the hypanthium extends. Carpel primordia arise individually on the remainder of the floral meristem and show neither adnation to the hypanthial wall nor coalescence to one another as they give rise to the styles and stigmas that are exserted above the hypanthium lip. The only observable fusion in this species appears to be the postgenital fusion of the margins of the carpel primordia to form the enclosed locule. Although historically the hypanthium has been variously interpreted as either axial and (or) appendicular in nature, resulting from congenital fusion of sepals, petals, and stamens, this paper uses a more realistic, testable and functional approach to the development of the hypanthium that is in keeping with current concepts such as process morphology.