The National Nurseryman 6(11): 129 (Dec 1898)

HARDY HYBRID ROSES

In the fall of 1896 we imported from Germany a large collection of new fruit and ornamental shrubs and trees gathered together from many parts of the temperate zone says Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, S. D. Many of these flowered last year and are blooming again this year. Among the roses we find the Madame Charles Frederic Worth remarkable for its wonderfully free blooming habit. The flowers are in clusters, large, double, very fragrant, color a beautiful rosy crimson, changing to purple crimson as the flowers fade. The plant is a hybrid of the Rosa rugosa and has retained its sturdy habit and strong foliage. Last year this hybrid blossomed from July to the end of the season, and this year it began the middle of June and bids fair to repeat the performance.

While promising to be valuable for general cultivation, the variety is not superior to many of the varieties obtained in 1892 and 1893 at the Iowa Agricultural College by Professor Budd, assisted by the writer, by crossing the Russian Rosa rugosa with some of the choicest cultivated roses. These new varieties, which are now being propagated at Ames, retain in large measure the extreme hardiness and free blooming habit of this Russian wild rose, with the size and doubleness of flower of the garden varieties. There is a difference in the Rosa rugosa plants. Those from Japan are inferior in beauty and size of flower to those imported by Professor Budd from Russia, which came originally from Siberia. From the Russian wild roses will come a long list of roses hardy throughout the Northwest, where the common garden roses winter kill.