Magazine of Horticulture, Botany, and All Useful Discoveries. 27: 277-278 (June 1861)

Pyramidal Hybrid Perpetuals.

Standard roses, inartistic and unpicturesque as they are, have 'held their own' for some years. It is time that some new rose idea was originated, and I hope, ere long, to have standard roses spoken of as things of the past—like stage coaches and road wagons. The culture of pyramidal roses will require more care and time than the culture of standards, which we all know is very simple; but the rose gardener will be amply compensated by such glorious effects as have never yet been seen in our rosaries.

Like all really good gardening ideas, the culture of rose pyramids, although requiring more time and care than the culture of standard and dwarf roses, is still very simple, and may be carried out as follows:—Some strong two years' old stocks of the Manetti rose should be planted in November, in a piece of ground well exposed to sun and air. The soil should have dressings of manure, and be stirred to nearly two feet in depth. In the months of July and August of the following year they will be in a fit state to bud. They should have one bud inserted in each stock close to the ground. The sort to be chosen for this preliminary budding is a very old hybrid China rose, called Madame Pisaroni, a rose with a most vigorous and robust habit, which, budded in strong Manetti stocks, will often make shoots from six to seven feet in length, and stout and robust in proportion. In the month of February following, the stocks in which are live buds should all be cut down to within six inches of the bud. In May the buds will begin to shoot vigorously; if there are more shoots than one from each bud they must be removed, leaving only one, which in June should be supported with a slight stake, or the wind may displace it. By the end of August this shoot ought to be from five to six feet in height, and is then in a proper state for budding to form a pyramid. Some of the most free-growing and beautiful of the hybrid perpetual roses should be selected and budded on these stems in the following manner:—Commence about nine inches from the ground, inserting one bud; then on the opposite side of the stock, and at the same distance from the lower bud, insert another; and then at the same distance another and another, so that buds are on all sides of the tree up to about five feet in height, which in the aggregate will amount to seven buds. You will thus have formed the foundation of a pyramid.

I need scarcely add that the shoots from the stock must be carefully removed during the growing season, so as to throw all its strength into the buds. It will also be advisable to pinch in the three topmost buds rather severely the first season, or they will, to use a common expression, draw up sap too rapidly, and thus weaken the lower buds. The terminal shoot must be cut off early in June. In the course of a year or two magnificent pyramids may thus be formed, their stems completely covered with foliage, and far surpassing anything yet seen in rose culture. I have as yet found no rose equal in vigor to Madame Pizaroni, although when attention is turned to the subject other varieties may perhaps be found. If extra strong growth be desired, the stem may be suffered to grow two seasons before it is budded.

The most free-growing kinds, such as Jules Margottin, General Jacqueminot, Colonel de Rougemont, Triomphe des Beaux Arts, Lord Raglan, Souvenir de la Reine d'Angleterre, Triomphe de l'Exposition, and other kinds of vigorous habit, these will form grand pyramids, from six to seven feet in height. For smaller pyramids, those of more moderate growth may be selected. It will scarcely be advisable to bud more than one sort on a stem, as no two kinds will be found equal in growth; but as a matter of fancy varieties of different colors may be inserted, so as to make a variegated pyramid. Vigorous growing Bourbon roses may be employed for pyramids, and Tea-scented and Noisette roses, as the stock is highly favorable to their growth, but they should be protected in winter by ferns or branches of evergreen tied round them.—(Florist.)