Magazine of Horticulture, 10: 246-248 (July 1844)
Art. II. Descriptions of Mr. Feast's Seedling Rubifolia or Prairie Roses.
By the Editor.
Our correspondent, Mr S. Feast of Baltimore, has sent us specimens of his seedling rubifolia roses, as follows:— Queen of the Prairies, Baltimore Belle, Perpetual Pink, Superba and Madame Caradori Allen. These were forwarded to us in a tin case, but as they were four or five days on the way, and were packed with damp moss, the buds had mostly damped, and fell off before expanding. Mr. Feast accompanied the box with the following note.—Perceiving that some difficulty exists in the nomenclature of some of my Prairie roses, amongst the floral community, I now send you a few specimens, with the anticipation that you may set the matter right through the columns of your valuable magazine.— Yours, S. Feast, Baltimore, June 7, 1844.
Although the specimens of flowers were so much injured that we were unable to describe them, the foliage was in such good order that, by comparing them with young plants already in our possession, we are enabled to add the following account of each variety.
Queen of the Prairies.—Synonyms: Beauty of the Prairies, Feast's No. 1. Madame Caradori Allen of Buist's Manual. This variety has been well described in our volume VII. p. 134 [Should be VIII. p. 134.] It is the most splendid of the group. The flowers are very large and cupped, of a fine rose color, and appear in clusters of from ten to twenty each, often not more than three to five, unless the plants are strong. The foliage is very large, deeply serrated, and of a dark green, nearly smooth on the surface; spines, strong and rather distant.
Baltimore Belle.—Flowers, white with blush centre, cupped, and very double; clusters, very large, often numbering thirty to forty flowers: foliage, large, pale green, having a rugose appearance on the surface; spines, strong and rather distant.
Perpetual Pink.—Synonyme. Perpetual Michigan. Flowers, medium size, rosy purple changing to rose, cupped and very double, resembling in shape the multiflora. Clusters, large, containing from ten to twenty blooms; foliage, nearly smooth, very dark green; spines, rather strong and thick, forming quite a pubescence on the peduncles of the flowers; growth, vigorous. How far this will prove a perpetual bloomer remains to be tried; we saw it flowering a second time in Mr. Feast's garden, in Oct. 1843, though its habit of continual blooming may be quite uncertain.
Superba.—Flowers, pale rose or pink, large, cup-shaped and very double, much resembling in general appearance the multiflora; foliage, large narrow, pale yellowish green, having a rugose appearance. Spines, rather strong, not crowded, habit vigorous: clusters of flowers from ten to twenty.
Madame Caradori Allen.—Flowers, bright pink and semi-double, in every other respect similar to the Queen, having the same large and vigorous foliage, and habit of growth. Mr. Feast states that he did not think this variety worth preserving, after he had raised the Queen, until the last season, when its free flowering and other qualities made it a desirable variety.
From these descriptions amateurs will probably be able to distinguish the varieties, and should they have purchased them under other names, they can rectify the mistakes. It is desirable that the few varieties which have already been raised should be cultivated under their true names, as there is little doubt but that many additional kinds will be raised in the course of a few years. Mr. Feast's seedlings are all truly splendid varieties, and without making any exceptions. the greatest additions which have ever been made to this tribe of plants for our climate. To their hardy, vigorous and running habit there is united all the good qualities of our finest roses.—Some possessing the grace of the multiflora, while others have the brilliancy of the Provins.
Mr. Buist, in his Rose Manual, states that he has several hundred seedling roses, raised from the rubifolia elegans, or Chillicothe multiflora, as it is called in Ohio, a semi-double variety, hybridized with the perpetual and Chinese; and though none of them have bloomed, unless during the last month, they exhibit in their growth "great diversity of character." Repeated experiments will undoubtedly give results of which we have now scarcely any imagination; even a yellow rubifolia rose would not be too much to expect. It is only nineteen years since the first Noisette rose was raised; it originated in Charleston, S. C., in the garden of Mr. Noisette, brother of the great nurseryman of that name in Paris, and when first introduced to that city created a great excitement among the Parisian rose fanciers: the original was a pink rose, of nearly the color of Baltimore Belle. Now we have the Lamarque, Solfitaire, and other yellowish varieties; and at last, the said to be, real golden yellow, the Cloth of gold. What may we not hope then, from so remarkable a parent as the Queen of the Prairies.
We cannot too strongly recommend all the above varieties to the attention of every rose amateur or lover of roses.
Magazine of Horticulture 8: 83-85 (March 1842)
He [Feast] has raised many hybrids between the Michigan rose and the Herbemot's musk cluster and others, which are remarkably strong growers and free bloomers, producing immense clusters of blossoms.
Mr Feast has also tried charcoal in rooting plants from cuttings, and has succeeded in growing in this way Herbemot's musk cluster rose, which he has been unable to multiply by cuttings, in the ordinary way.