The Rose Annual, 1913: 160-166
The Pernetiana Roses.
Mrs. ERNEST H. FARMER

Two Roses on one slender spray
   In sweet communion grew.
Together hailed the morning ray,
   And drank the evening dew.
While sweetly wreathed in mossy green
   There sprang a little bud between.       —MONTGOMERY.

"Coming events cast their shadows before." This is true in natural as well as in social life, but faint indeed was the shadow in the year 1838, when the late Sir H. Willock introduced a new Rose to the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society. The Rose was named Persian Yellow, and was of a superb golden yellow colour. If practically unpruned, it bloomed in fascinating profusion, with long, luxurious sprays, especially effective when grown as a standard.

How much the present generation of Rosarians owe to the introducer of Persian Yellow must be written by a worthier pen than mine. However, I will endeavour to show some of the results which have sprung from this beginning. The Rose was not inclined to bear seed, and it was left to M. Pernet-Ducher to utilize, when in search of a pure yellow Rose, with unthought of success. Hence the name Pernetiana.

Some fifteen years ago, in a garden not far from the shores of the Mediterranean, Persian Yellow was presented with a bride, with complexion passing fair, in the person of Antoine Ducher. What hopes those seedlings raised in the hybridist's heart! With what pleasure he sent out the first offspring of this union, Soleil d'Or, in 1900! This, a Rose destined to make history, was clothed in brilliant green foliage whose fragrance of pineapple charmed everyone. The blooms, orange, red and yellow, are rather flat, and not of a very good shape, but still very charming. In those days exhibition Roses were much sought after, and not being suitable for this purpose, Soleil d'Or did not create a great sensation, but interested the few. It was, however, the first of a new race, upon which the raiser went quietly working; and so the years rolled on.

Six years later it was rumoured in England that the finest Rose ever known was coming to London. Who will forget the amazement its first appearance caused among the English nurserymen at that April Meeting of the Royal Horticultural Society? Again, how it charmed the visitors to the Franco-British Exhibition of 1908! So, too, the Lyons Rose, the pride of the race, offspring of Mme. Melanie Soupert and Soleil d'Or, in the same way as its ancestor travelled into gardens through the length and breadth of the land.

For some years this Rose has been one of the chief features of the Society's Exhibitions. It is useful for any purpose, and especially charming for decorations. How shall we describe it? Shrimp pink, blended with yellow, fawn and red, forming a delightful whole; but most of you know its charm so well.

The chief items of note in this new break are the fruity fragrance of the foliage, resembling pineapple, the fierce red prickles, and the reddish wood, traceable in Persian Yellow.

Les Rosati is a curiously formed deep crimson with yellow backed petals, raised by M. Gravereaux. Meanwhile Dr. Muller had been busy raising Gottfried Keller. Parkfeuer, too, is very attractive—a semi-double scarlet red of vigorous habit.

Entente Cordiale sent out by M. Guillot in 1909 from Caroline Testout x Soleil d'Or, blooms in clusters of six or eight large, loosely built, cherry red and yellow blooms. When well dined and disbudded the blooms are full and very handsome, the colour standing out well.

Soleil d' Angers (Ch. Dietriché), 1909, a deeper sport from Soleil d'Or, is not unlike Juliet in colour, but a confused shape, yellow and vermilion with fragrant foliage.

Juliet, the pride of an English firm, Messrs. Wm. Paul, of Waltham Cross, from Capt. Hayward x Soleil d'Or, vermilion red, reverse of petals old gold, is a large, high built bloom that lights up well and is very beautiful.

Louis Barbier, 1909, claims Mme. Bérard for one of its parents. The blooms, which are borne in clusters, are yellow and old Rose, semi-double. It is very useful for pillars where the brown wood is very noticeable. Mme. Ruau (Gravereaux), more like the Hybrid Teas, has large globular blooms, a fusion of yellow and old Rose—very attractive. It is free blooming, perpetual and sweetly scented. From Pharisaer x Les Rosati Johannisfeuer was obtained by Turke in 1910. The colour is brilliant red, each petal merging into yellow at the base. It is semi-climbing, and the full-cupped blooms are very sweetly scented. One of its parents, Princess de Bearn-Deutschland (Kiese), has yet another strain, Frau Karl Druschki x Soleil d'Or. It is golden yellow, with faint rosy yellow fusion in the centre of the bloom. It grows somewhat like Druschki, showing this parentage in the wood.

Arthur R. Goodwin is coppery orange with a trace of orange red over the whole petal; really charming, it blooms freely, has fierce red thorns, a very spreading habit of growth, and is deliciously scented. In fact, it is one of the best of its class, blooming all through the season, and its shape is peculiarly Pernetiana.

Rodophile Gravereaux, raised by Pernet-Ducher, is a single climbing Rose, of a pleasing shade of pale carmine pink, with yellow centre; a pillar Rose.

Viscountess Enfield, sent out by Pernet-Ducher in 1910, is a Rose of great excellence, and was raised from a seedling x Soleil d'Or. It is free blooming, and old rose and copper yellow in colour. The autumn flowers are a deeper shade of old rose. The blooms, which are full, are nicely shaped.

Beauté de Lyon, also raised by Pernet-Ducher in 1910, is very charming. The huge red thorns, with brilliant green fragrant foliage, show up the handsome flowers, which are coral red and yellow, or pale terra-cotta blended with yellow. It has bloomed all through the past season and is very vigorous in growth.

Rayon d'Or another of Pernet-Ducher's 1910 varieties, from Mme. Melanie Soupert x Soleil d'Or, is the most wonderful pure yellow, which does not fade. The outer petals are streaked with crimson. Blooming freely, the colour stands out prominently amongst the shimmering foliage. It is mildew proof and an ideal bedding variety. Gold Medal N.R.S.

Now we come to the International Horticultural Exhibition held in London in 1912. A special prize was offered for the best New Seedling Rose. Enthusiasts from all parts of the, world competed, so that M. Pernet-Ducher should be specially proud of carrying off that award—a fifty guinea gold cup.

The name of this, we must call it "Great" Rose, is Mme. Edouard Herriot, the "Daily Mail Rose." Madame descends from an unnamed seedling of Caroline Testout crossed with an unnamed variety of the Pernetiana class. Truly a remarkable pedigree. Immediately Madame gained the coveted honour of premiership, the demand for her was so great that the raiser decided to postpone her debut until the autumn of 1913. The Rose, Mme. Edouard Herriot, is truly beautiful and attractive. The writer has torn a bloom to pieces, petal by petal, feeling it was desecrated. From a colour point of view it is unique.

This, combined with hardiness inherited from Caroline Testout, scent, shape, and habit of growth, make it the finest bedder of this class. We must all plant as many as we can of this wonder Rose. A correct description 'of its colour would be deep terra-cotta or reddish copper.

In Louise Catherine Breslau (Pernet-Ducher), 1912, we have an exceedingly handsome, bold bloom, reddish fawn and coppery orange, in which fawn predominates. A good shaped bloom from an unnamed seedling crossed with a seedling from Soleil d'Or. The foliage is thick and leathery and quite mildew proof. All the varieties mentioned, except Mme. Edouard Herriot which, as already stated, will not be presented until the autumn of 1913, can be had from most nurseries.

We now come to a few Pernetiana Roses not in commerce, which we shall have in a few years.

Willowmere, from an unnamed seedling crossed with Lyons Rose. A few blooms were shown at the Autumn Exhibition. The colour is remarkable. It is an improved Lyons Rose, which does not fade. It is very vigorous and hardy; the blooms are long and pointed, carried on erect stems, and are very attractive with their fierce red thorns. It will displace the Lyons Rose.

Cissie Easlea is a seedling from Mme. Melanie Soupert crossed with Rayon d'Or. Its colouring is a dream. A very clear saffron yellow, with carmine centre, large, a full globular bloom of special charm.

Mrs. George Beckwith will displace Rayon d'Or. It is somewhat the same shape but deeper, and a more brilliant yellow with very wonderful foliage and fierce thorns. An ideal bedding Rose.

It will be noticed that although several raisers are busy on this group, invariably they have utilized Soled d'Or, so in naming them "Pernetiana" we pay a tribute of gratitude to M. Pernet-Ducher, to whom all Rosarians will be grateful for the sterling novelties with which he has enriched our gardens. My readers will join me in wishing him many years of successful pleasure with his beloved Roses.

Through them he dispenses pleasure throughout the Rose world. This race, only yet in its infancy, opens a wide field for the hybridist. Shall we have perpetual climbers as vigorous as Dorothy Perkins the colour of Rayon d'Or? Imagine our arches and pergolas clothed thus with climbers the colour of the Lyons Rose, Mme. Edouard Herriot, or Rayon d'Or! What a triumph they would be!

The Irish raisers are specializing in this direction. We will take them in order. First, Messrs. Alex. Dickson and Sons. They have, several seedlings of Rayon d'Or yellow on trial. None are yet named. Several of them are decidedly promising, and we can look for some very good yellows of this class from Newtownards.

Mr. Hugh Dickson has some successful crosses between the Austrian Briars and the Hybrid Teas.

One in particular, Mrs. Hugh Dickson, from an Austrian yellow seedling, crossed with Joseph Hill, is a very rich golden yellow, faintly tipped at the edge with rosy pink, taking after the pollen parent in form. It is very free blooming. There are several unnamed varieties which we shall hear more of shortly.

Messrs. S. McGredy & Son, last, but by no means least, have struck yet another line. They have been busy infusing the colour of the Pernet Roses into Hybrid Teas with great success, having combined Rayon d'Or colour with a specially free habit of growth. The sheets of colour are perfectly dazzling.

The best, Old Gold, has annexed the dark coppery green foliage and strong growth. It is quite mildew proof, showing the long-pointed blooms to perfection. A deep coppery old gold.

Lady Mary Ward, deep ochre yellow, shaded orange, taking more after the Pernet Roses, is exquisite and very sweetly scented, the reddish gold centre giving a glow to the bloom. Gold Medal N.R.S. last July.

Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderbilt, more or less Pernet, with the character of an H.T., Old Gold, salmon and yellow, and very free flowering.

Mrs. Charles E. Pearson completes my list, a very lovely bloom, the colour of the Lyons Rose. It does not fade, and will be useful for any purpose.

Each of these raisers have hundreds of seedlings on trial. Rosarians in the future will have a wealth of colour undreamed of before that happy match between Persian Yellow and Antoine Ducher, and will all agree they have lived "happily ever after."