The Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste, 5(2): 101-102 (Aug 1850)

THE PRAIRIE ROSE—ROSA RUBIFOLIA.
A. Fahnestock
[Thorp, Smith, Hanchett & Co.]

This rose in its native state, grows wild over the whole western country, being very luxuriant in its growth, and covering the prairies, particularly in Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, &c. &c. In Maryland, Pennsylvania and the western States, in fact wherever it is indigenious, it is known by the name of the Prairie Rose, and why it should be called Michigan Rose more than Ohio or Indiana Rose, I cannot see the propriety. Knowing the history of the double varieties of this rose, perhaps it may not be unacceptable at this time to your readers. Mrs. HANNAH LEVERING of Baltimore, Md., having removed to Lancaster, Ohio, forwarded seeds of the wild Prairie Rose to Mr. SAMUEL FEAST, an eminent florist of Baltimore, who planted the same, and after they had vegetated, permitted a few to climb over a bed of Noisette roses. The blossoms of the Prairie became (many of them) impregnated from the pollen of the Noisettes. The seeds from the Prairie roses were carefully gathered and planted, and from the many seedlings, the following new varieties were produced, all fine double roses:

  1. BEAUTY OR QUEEN OF PRAIRIES.—Large beautiful deep pink, very double, exquisite form, frequently with a white stripe. This is the so called Double Michigan, prevalent in your city.
  2. PERPETUAL PINK.—Pink, changing to purple, very double, flowers several times during the season, large clusters.
  3. BALTIMORE BELLE.—Blooming in large clusters, full double, light blush, with a deeper centre. This rose possesses a valuable character, different from the other two, being as fragrant as a Tea rose. These are all vigorous climbers.

Since the above have been produced, Mr. JOSHUA PIERCE, of Washington city, D. C., procured a number of seeds of the single Prairie rose, and planted them with reference to a hedge, a portion of them growing contiguous to a number of rose bushes of the old Maidens' Blush, and running over them. Seeds of these were again taken and planted, and from many hundreds, he had the pleasure of sending out the following beautiful double climbing roses, of the same character as the three above described, raised by Mr. FEAST, and vying with them in beauty, some even excelling them, and a number of them being quite fragrant:

  1. PRIDE OF WASHINGTON.—Very dark rose, very fine form, cupped, full double, resembling Jane, blooms in clusters of about 20 flowers, habit vigorous and good.
  2. ANNA MARIA.—Pink with rosy centre, cupped, and full double, beautiful large clusters 20 to 30 flowers, quite distinct from any of the others.
  3. EVA CORRINNE.—Flowers large, very delicate blush, with beautiful carmine or rose centre, globular and very double, clusters medium size from 10 to 20 flowers, rather compact, foliage medium, habit vigorous and very erect. This is the most delicate of all the Prairie roses, and its clusters of blush flowers, with their deep centre, which are perfectly globular and quite fragrant, entitle it to a prominent place in every garden. It blooms quite late.
  4. MISS GUNNELL.—Elegant delicate blush or buff, full double, clusters large, from 25 to 30, foliage large, habit vigorous, one of the very best, quite unique for the delicate tint of its flowers.
  5. RANUNCULIFLORA.—Pale blush, very handsome, full double clusters large, 25 to 30 flowers, slightly fragrant, and blooms rather late.
  6. VIRGINIA LASS.—Splendid blush, in large clusters, full double.
  7. MRS. HOVEY.—Splendid white, very double and beautiful, large clusters, the only double white Prairie rose: the flowers of this variety are larger than all the rest, and decidedly the best of the 12 seedlings; it is of supurb habit, with splendid deep green foliage, and as it is a pure white, it is the greatest acquisition which yet has been made to the double Prairies.
  8. JANE.—Flowers medium size, of a beautiful lilac rose, imbricated and very double, clusters large and compact, 25 to 30 flowers, habit strong and vigorous.
  9. PRESIDENT.—Blush with rosette in the middle, compact, and very double, 15 to 20 in a cluster—habit vigorous and good. This is the latest flowering variety.
  10. TRIUMPHANT.—Deep brilliant rose, imbricated, very double and fine, clusters large, 20 to 30 flowers, foliage large and handsome, bright green, deeply and sharply serrated. This variety is remarkable for its ample and beautiful foliage, as well as its deep and brilliant rosy flowers.
  11. LINNAEAN HILL BEAUTY.—Pale blush, very fine indeed, much admired—clusters large and full double.
  12. MRS. PIERCE.—Not yet bloomed for us, and therefore cannot describe it. These 12 are Mr. Pierce's seedlings, and all very handsome. We have fine specimens of all on our grounds, and can exhibit small bushes only 2 feet high, and 2 ft. wide, with 36 clusters of roses, some numbering as high as 40 in a cluster.

To the above list of Double Prairies, may be added, the Kentucky Multiflora—it is of the same character, and a great climber—blooms very late —full double, and in large clusters. Flowers splendid deep rose.

Thus, Mr. Editor, you will perceive there are double prairie roses of almost every hue; and who would not possess themselves of such rare beauties. We have procured these roses at great expense, and will offer all the above for sale this fall and next spring. The active partner will take much pleasure in showing any of the above or other varieties of roses or plants to all persons wishing to examine them. He can at all times be found upon the grounds, or at his residence nearly opposite that of W. W. SMITH, Esq.

*Presumably the 'Augusta' mentioned below.

While writing on running roses, perhaps I may as well describe a new double yellow fragrant climbing rose*, of which we are the proprietors, and which we think of letting go out next spring. This is a new seedling. In its character of growth, it resembles the double Michigan, putting up shoots from 18 to 20 feet in a season. The foliage is of the largest size and deepest green— the flowers pure yellow, and uncommonly large, and no tea rose can exceed it in fragrance. Chromatella and Solfaterre in their growing habits will bear no comparison—neither will Lamarque, and the flowers of each of the above are much lighter in colour, as well as much smaller. Neither Chromatella, nor Solfaterre possess any fragrance— nor does Lamarque comparatively speaking. We consider this rose the greatest acquisition of all the new running roses, and it is the only one of this robust, fragrant character, on record, either in America or Europe. A. Fahnestock. Syracuse Journal.

The Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste, 5(3): 149 (Sept 1850)

THE AUGUSTA ROSE A PERPETUAL.
A. Fahnestock

Having received many letters from numerous correspondents, inquiring if the Augusta was a perpetual or not, and having invariably said that I thought not, from all indications heretofore given, I now feel happy to be able to state, that it has this season, (the second year of its blooming.) shown its true Noisette character, having already bloomed twice, and small plants of this spring's growth from the bud, say four feet, were nipped not long since, which caused the eyes on each to break, now having some 15 limbs to each plant, and every shoot at this present time going into flower. I can therefore state to all those to whom I have written to the contrary, all of whom, I think, are readers of the Horticulturist, that it is a true Noisette in all respects, and is a perpetual, and therefore increased much in value, having that quality which adds a worth to every rose. Respectfully, &c., A. Fahnestock. Syracuse, Aug. 13th, 1850.