Florist and Pomologist, 3rd series, 2: 157-158 (July 1869)
ROSES: MARÉCHAL NIEL ON GLOIRE DE DIJON
WIlliam Earley, Digswell.
THE time for budding Roses will shortly arrive, and many will be looking around them for suitable stocks upon which to bud, and thus to increase the number of some especial favourites. I need, therefore, make no excuse for offering a few remarks upon the merits of Gloire de Dijon as a stock upon which to bud that most lovely of all roses, Maréchal Niel.
Two years ago, as well as last year, I placed some buds of the Maréchal into about the middle and more matured part of some grossly grown shoots of Gloire de Dijon. The buds having taken, I reduced the young shoots upon the stock, in each following spring, down to the buds which had formed prominently, as a preliminary to making a strong "start;" and the result, as to progress afterwards made, both in regard to the growth and the profusion of bloom, has surpassed anything I could have wished for. The buds grew so as literally to exceed the stock in size, and the base of each bud has so enlarged as to overlap the wood upon which it was inserted. The young shoots made thereon last season exceeded in some instances 10 ft. or 12 ft. in length.
One thing I have particularly noticed in connection with the Gloire de Dijon as a stock, which is, that if an old branch, or branchlet, be worked, and afterwards cut in to the bud as is customary, the bud of the Maréchal so placed seems to lose its capability of growing large, and produces wonderfully shortened growth in regard to its branches, while it yields blossoms much more profusely. I therefore advise all who have a large plant of the Gloire, to try its effects, either way, upon Maréchal Niel. I have not yet tried the former as a stock treated in the ordinary way, but hope to do so in the ensuing autumn, as I have a small supply of cuttings well rooted, in preparation, upon which I intend to experiment.