Country Life, 11: 331 (March 15, 1902)

ROSA LUTEA: ITS VARIETIES AS STANDARDS

A frequent contributor to the garden notes writes about Rosa lutea and its varieties as standards: "It cannot be generally known what beautiful objects these Roses are when grown as standards, or they would be more extensively planted. Any good Rose soil, in which the hedge Briar flourishes, will suit this group perfectly. When grown as bushes their flower beauty is somewhat hidden, as the growths have a strong weeping tendency, but the standard or half-standard prevent this. The first spring after planting cut the growths back close, the upper eye of each shoot looking outward. The following spring no pruning will be required beyond removing extreme points. These Roses always flower upon the wood of the previous summer, and principally towards the ends of the growths. To keep up a supply of new wood, look over the trees after flowering, and cut hard back some of the growths. The type R. lutea is certainly the most beautiful single yellow Rose in our gardens, and its coppery red variety, known as bicolor or punicea, also as Austrian Copper, is one of the most distinct in point of colour. Both Roses were grown by Gerarde in 1596, so that they are perhaps the oldest Roses in cultivation by the present generation. It seems almost incredible that such beautiful hardy Roses should have been neglected so long by hybridists, not so much for the sake of improving these particular Roses, as that would be almost impossible, as to impart their wonderful colouring to other types. I believe Lord Penzance was the first to make use of the Austrian Copper, the result being the finely coloured Sweet Briar Lady Penzance. M. Pernet-Ducher has also recently used the double-flowered Persian yellow with the object of producing a perpetual-flowering group. How far he has succeeded remains to be seen. Certainly the variety Soleil d'Or will be most valuable on account simply of its hardiness."