The American Farmer, 3: 157 (Aug 10, 1821)
Remarks on Hedges, etc.
John W. Cocke
Bremo, near New Canton, Buckingham Co. Virginia, June, 4 1821

All the seeds have been committed to the earth.—The prospect you have given me of getting into a stock of the Cherokee Rose, is doing me a great favour. I had learned through the American Farmer, the supposed value of this plant for hedging, and had been devising the means of obtaining it, with the hope, that it will be found to supply a want in American Husbandry, which has already grown to a serious evil, and increasing every year.

CybeRose note: on page 120 of Am. Farmer (July 6), Nicholas Herbemont of Columbia, SC, offered to send hips of R. laevigata to the editor. However, the date of his letter was June 5, 1821.

(John S. Skinner, editor of American Farmer, Baltimore, to JHC) May 4, 1821. "I send herein a few seed of the Cherokee Rose and some grains of the Sheep tooth corn of Delaware. The Rose would no doubt flourish in your climate + for Hedges is found valuable. The corn is I think the hardest and sweetest grain that I have ever met with, ripened early and is productive."

Gen. J.H. Cocke’s Vanishing Legacy:The Gardens and Landscape of Bremo Contains some details on his business association with William Prince and other nurserymen.


De Bow's Southern and Western Review, (Vol. 11, old series) 1(6): 636-637 (Dec 1851)
3.—LIVE FENCES.
J. H. C.
Bremo, Va., May 20, 1851

Mr. Harvey:—I am glad to find in a late number of the Beacon, that live fences are beginning to claim the attention of your enterprising agricultural community. The improvidence with which the fencing timber has been destroyed is already imposing excessive labor upon landholders in your fertile and extensively cleared county, and threatening at no distant period a state of things that will be intolerable, without a resort to legislation, to oblige each proprietor to confine his own stock, or to the adoption of live fences in the place of the dead wood perishable fences—the immense amount of labor it costs to erect, which may be said to be utterly sunk in every seven years, while the supply of timber is becoming so scarce as greatly to enhance the expense of this sort of enclosure every successive year. In adopting the only other alternative—I mean live fences—(for all the river soils of Alabama are destitute of stone)—it will be of the greatest importance that a judicious selection shall be made of the hedging materials. In coming to a just conclusion upon this point, it may be well to make the preliminary inquiry—what are the requisite qualities, the best calculated to make a lasting, effectual, living fence in the shortest possible time? It may be safely assumed, that no plant or tree of large or gigantic growth will answer the purpose, for the reason which will readily present itself to the mind of any practical observer, that all trees of gigantic or full forest growth will not live in such juxtaposition as to prevent the passage of stock between them. This is a rule without exception, and as has been abundantly proven in the case of the common cedar, (which Curator, the late Col. Taylor, of Caroline, brought for a time into great vogue in Virginia,) for cut, dress, and manage them as you may, after attaining a certain age they will die out, and not exist so near together as to make a fence in the true meaning of the term; and I am inclined to think for the same reason that the Osage Orange, or Bois D'Arc. will prove a failure upon trial, for this is a forest tree in its native region of gigantic growth, and will be subject to dying out when they grow to such size as to oppress each other.

All the approved plants for hedging are dwarf growers. The hawthorn has been generally most successfully used. The greatest objection to this is the difficulty of raising the young plants, which must be raised from the seed, and will not vegetate immediately without the application of a process of steeping, requiring skill and judgment—hence the importance of finding some plant that may be propagated by cuttings, is armed with thorns, and will live and thrive in such close juxtaposition as to exclude the passage of stock. In the Cherokee Rose all these qualities are more eminently combined than in any other growth.


CybeRose note: Both of these notes were presumably written by John Hartwell Cocke II.